Francisco Ascaso Abadía (April 1, 1901 – July 20, 1936) was a famous Anarcho-syndicalist in Spain, friend of Buenaventura Durruti. He was born in Almudévar and died in Barcelona. In his life he traveled and fought in Spain, France, Argentine, Belgium, Germany, Sweden, Latin America and was deported to the Canary Islands. In the Spanish Civil War, the anarchist Ascaso joined the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) and he fought in the first time in the armed group called and then in 1922 in the group called Los Solidarios. In 1934 he became regional general secretary of the CNT. He died in the Spanish Civil War, on the first day of conflict in Barcelona. After his death, a groups of anarchists called them the "Francisco Ascaso Column".