|Frank W. Buckles|
|Born||1 February 1901|
|Died||27 February 2011 (aged 110 years, 26 days)|
|Years of service||1917 – 1920|
|Unit||1st Fort Riley Casualty Detachment|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||World War I Victory Medal|
Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
French Legion of Honor
Early life and career[change | change source]
Buckles was born in Bethany, Missouri. He enlisted in the U.S. Army at the beginning of America's involvement in World War I in April 1917. Only 16 years old at the time, Buckles was asked by his recruiter to show a birth certificate. Later Buckles said of that event, “I was just 16 and didn’t look a day older. I confess to you that I lied to more than one recruiter. I gave them my solemn word that I was 18, but I’d left my birth certificate back home in the family Bible. They’d take one look at me and laugh and tell me to go home before my mother noticed I was gone. Somehow I got the idea that telling an even bigger whopper was the way to go. So I told the next recruiter that I was 21 and darned if he didn’t sign me up on the spot! I enlisted in the Army on the 14th of August 1917."
In 1917, Buckles was sent to Europe on the RMS Carpathia, which had rescued RMS Titanic survivors five years earlier. During the war Buckles served in England and France, driving ambulances and motorcycles for the Army's 1st Fort Riley Casualty Detachment.
After the Armistice in 1918, Buckles escorted prisoners of war back to Germany. Following his discharge in 1919, he attended the dedication of the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri, in honor of those Americans who died in World War I. While there, he met General John "Black Jack" Pershing, commander of all U.S. forces in France during the war.
He became malnourished, with a weight below 100 lb, and developed beriberi, yet led his fellow inmates in calisthenics. He was rescued on February 23, 1945.
He died on 27 February 2011 at 110 years old.
References[change | change source]
- "Frank Buckles obituary: Frank Buckles, last American World War I veteran, dies at 110 - latimes.com". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Tribune Co. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 5 March 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "America's last surviving veteran of World War I dies aged 110 years old". Daily Mail. 2011-02-28.