Frederick Russell Burnham

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Frederick Russell Burnham
NicknameThe King of Scouts;[1] He-who-sees-in-the-dark;[2] Fred
Born(1861-05-11)May 11, 1861
DiedSeptember 1, 1947(1947-09-01) (aged 86)
AllegianceScout for the British Army in Southern Africa; U.S. citizen.
Years of service1893–1897, 1900–1901
Commands heldChief of Scouts under Lord Roberts
Battles/warsPleasant Valley War
Indian Wars:
Apache Wars
Cheyenne War
Geronimo campaign
First Matabele War:
Shangani Patrol
Second Matabele War:
— Assassination of Mlimo
Second Boer War:
Battle of Paardeberg
— Driefontein (March 10, 1900)
— Johannesburg (May 31, 1900)
— March on Pretoria (June 2–5, 1900)
AwardsDistinguished Service Order
Queen's South Africa Medal
British South Africa Company Medal
Victoria Cross (declined)
Boy Scouts Silver Buffalo Award
Mount Burnham (California).
Other workmessenger, Indian tracker, gold miner, rich oil man, American spy. Father of the international Scouting movement and a close friend of Robert Baden-Powell.

Frederick Russell Burnham DSO (May 11, 1861 – September 1, 1947) was an American scout. He travelled the world and had many adventures. He served to the British Army in colonial Africa and for taught scouting to Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the boy scouts.

Burnham attended high school but never graduated. When he was 14 he began his working as a scout and tracker for the U.S. Army. As an adult Burnham went to Africa where this background proved useful. He soon became an officer in the British Army and fought in several battles there. During this time Burnham became friends with Baden-Powell and taught him both his outdoor skills and his spirit for what became known as Scouting.

Burnham eventually became involved in espionage, oil, conservation, writing and business. His descendants are still active in Scouting.

References[change | change source]

  1. Davis, Richard Harding (1906). Real Soldiers of Fortune . New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0873642392.
  2. West, James E.; Peter O. Lamb, and illustrated by Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (1932). He-who-sees-in-the-dark; the boys' story of Frederick Burnham, the American scout. Brewer, Warren and Putnam.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)

Other websites[change | change source]