Freiberg, Saxony

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Freiberg Obermarkt Rathaus.jpg
Coat of arms of Freiberg
Coat of arms
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Freiberg Rural District
Municipal assoc. Freiberg
Subdivisions 12
 • Mayor Uta Rensch (SPD)
 • Total 48.05 km2 (18.55 sq mi)
Elevation 400 m (1,300 ft)
Population (2009-12-31)
 • Total 41,701
 • Density 870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 09599
Dialling codes 03731
Vehicle registration FG

Freiberg (i.e. free mountain) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the Freiberg Rural District.

The town was founded in 1186, and has been a centre of the mining industry in the Ore Mountains for centuries.

In 1944 the Flossenburg concentration camp built a subcamp outside the town of Freiberg. It housed over 500 female survivors of other camps, including Auschwitz Birkenau. Altogether 50 or so SS women worked in this camp until its evacuation in April 1945. The female survivors later reached the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.

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