Gascon language

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Native toFrance
Dialectssee below
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1oc
ISO 639-3(code gsc was merged into oci in 2007)[1]
Gascon speaking area
Gascon is classified as Definitely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010)
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Gascon (English: /ˈɡæskən/; Gascon: [ɡasˈku(ŋ)], French: [ɡaskɔ̃]) is the common Romance language used mostly in the region of Gascony, France. It is often considered a variety of Occitan, however, some authors consider it a different language.[4][5][6]

Gascon is mostly spoken in Gascony and Béarn (Béarnese dialect) in southwestern France (in parts of the following French departments (or areas): Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Hautes-Pyrénées, Landes, Gers, Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, and Ariège) and in the Val d'Aran of Catalonia.

Aranese is a southern Gascon language spoken in Catalonia alongside Catalan and Spanish. Most people in the region speak all three languages. Spanish and Catalan tend to be different from the dialects of Gascon spoken in France. Most people who study the science of language now consider Aranese a different dialect of Occitan and Gascon. Since the 2006 adoption of the new statute of Catalonia, Aranese is now an official language along with Catalan and Spanish languages in all of Catalonia (before, this status was valid for the Aran Valley only).

References[change | change source]

  1. "639 Identifier Documentation: gsc". SIL International.
  2. "Gascon". 22 April 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  3. IANA language subtag registry, Wikidata Q57271947
  4. Cf. Rohlfs, Gerhard. 1970. Le Gascon. Études de philologie pyrénéenne, 2e éd. Tubingen, Max Niemeyer, & Pau, Marrimpouey jeune.
  5. Chambon, Jean-Pierre; Greub, Yan (2002). "Note sur l'âge du (proto)gascon". Revue de Linguistique Romane (in French). 66: 473–495.
  6. Stephan Koppelberg, El lèxic hereditari caracteristic de l'occità i del gascó i la seva relació amb el del català (conclusions d'un analisi estadística), Actes del vuitè Col·loqui Internacional de Llengua i Literatura Catalana, Volume 1 (1988). Antoni M. Badia Margarit & Michel Camprubi ed. (in Catalan)