Generalized anxiety disorder

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Generalized anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder. It is excessive and irrational worry of everyday things. This worry tends to interfere with normal daily functioning. People who have GAD anticipate disasters and they are always concerned about health matters, money, death, their own futures or family trouble. Physical issues may include trembling, numbness, muscle tension, sweating or hot flashes for at least six months.[1]

GAD affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% of the U.S. population, in any given year. Women are twice as likely to be affected. The disorder comes on gradually. It can begin at any time. The risk is highest between childhood and middle age. The exact cause of GAD is unknown. Biological factors, family background, and stressful life experiences play a role.[2]

Every year in Australia, about 14% of the population (1 in 7) have an anxiety condition. It is estimated that just under three per cent have GAD. Nearly six per cent of the population have GAD in their lifetime.[3]

Benzodiazepines are one of the medications used to treat this disorder. There is a risk for misuse and addiction. Some types of benzodiazepines are quick-acting and may be used to manage symptoms, but can also lead to abuse or self-medication.[4]

Causes[change | change source]

As with many mental health conditions, the cause of generalized anxiety disorder likely arises from many causes.[5]

  • Differences in brain chemistry and function
  • Genetics
  • Differences in the way threats are perceived
  • Development and personality
  • Genuinely stressful life situations

Home remedies[change | change source]

  • Exercise
  • Yoga
  • A healthy diet
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Avoiding caffeine
  • Avoiding alcohol and other drugs
  • Meditation
  • Biofeedback
  • Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing

References[change | change source]

  1. "Learn More About General Anxiety Disorder". WebMD. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  2. "Understanding GAD".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. beyondblue. "Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) - Beyond Blue". www.beyondblue.org.au. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  4. Staff, Editorial. "Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) And Benzodiazepines". Addiction Treatment. Retrieved 2021-06-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Generalized anxiety disorder - Symptoms and causes". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2021-06-23.