The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. (August 2018)
Muslims commonly use the word Allah for God. Sometimes, people who speak Arabic still use the word Allah when they speak English. In Islam, Allah is Merciful and Allah is the one who loves his followers.
In addition, it is also known with names expressing human feelings such as Sabur (very patient), celil (Celalet; 1 / majesty, 2 / rage, wrath), womb (very merciful), halim (mild-tempered), vedud (loving).
In Christianity God is like the father and in Sufism a friend.
In Tanach, Jehovah is often personified.
In Arabic[change | change source]
Etymology[change | change source]
In the Canaan pantheon dating back to 2000 BC, "El" or "Il" was in the position of chief. El had such qualities as almighty, eternal, immortal, the sole ruler of everything in the earth and heaven, the creator god, the god of the covenant etc. El was transferred to Aramaic as Eloh or Elaha, to Hebrew as Eloah, and in the New Testament, "Eli" and "Elohi" were used to mean god. El continues to appear in names ending with el or il; Gabri-el, Mika-el, Azrael, Israel, Israel, Yishmael, Emanuel etc.
As a common noun[change | change source]
In Arabic, the general word for a god is ilaah. It can mean a specific god, or any god at all, depending on how it is used.
As a proper noun[change | change source]
Usually, the word "Allah" is used by Muslims. However, Arab Christians also call their God "Allah."
The name "Allah" is made of four letters in Arabic, ا ل ل ه (or Alif Lam Lam Ha, from right to left, A-L-L-H, 2111), which when brought together make الله
We can't find a word with a letter pronounced as lla by putting two lam together in Arabic. It may be Al Yah, which means The Yah. Yah is the God of Banu Hashem/Son of Shem. Alif Lam Yah ha. If we write the above letters together it will resemble the calligraphy of the word nowadays pronounced as Allah. اليه and الله seems to be the same.
In Islam[change | change source]
For Muslims, "Allah" describes a single God who is all-powerful and never makes mistakes. Muslims believe that Allah created everything, including the heavens and the Earth, simply by saying Kun Faya Kun ("Be and it is"). Muslims often repeat the word "Allah" many times when they are praying.
In Judaism[change | change source]
In Judaism, God is usually called YHWH and Eloah. Both names are mentioned in the Old Testament and are one of the seven names of God in Judaism. It can also be noted that in Judaism, Elohim is a name for God and in Islam, Allahuma is a name for God. Since Jewish and Muslim names of God are very similar, Jews and Muslims say that they believe in the same God.
In Christianity[change | change source]
Arab Christians call their God "Allah" due to Arabic language. In the Bible translation into Arabic, God is referred to by this name. The word "Allah" was also used in the old Turkish translations of the Bible, e.g. 1941 version, due to Islamic hegemony on Turkish people and influence of Arabic on Turkish.
Gallery[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "God". Islam: Empire of Faith. PBS. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- "Islam and Christianity", encyclopedia|title=Allah|encyclopedia=Encyclopaedia of Islam Online|access-date=7 January 2015|author=L. Gardet
- "The man who realizes God as a friend is never lonely in the world, neither in this world nor in the hereafter. There is always a friend, a friend in the crowd, a friend in the solitude; or while he is asleep, unconscious of this outer world, and when he is awake and conscious of it. In both cases the friend is there in his thought, in his imagination, in his heart, in his soul." Hazrat Inayat Khan, quoted from The Sufi Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan
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- Brown, Francis; Driver, S.R.; Briggs, Charles. A. (1996). Hebrew and English Lexicon. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendricksen. p. 41, entry 410 1.b. ISBN 978-1-56563-206-6.
- Böwering, Gerhard, God and His Attributes, Encyclopaedia of the Qurʼān, Brill, 2007
- Bentley, David (September 1999). The 99 Beautiful Names for God for All the People of the Book. William Carey Library. ISBN 978-0-87808-299-5.
- Murata, Sachiko (1992). The Tao of Islam: A sourcebook on gender relationships in Islamic thought. Albany NY USA: SUNY. ISBN 978-0-7914-0914-5.
- Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, Allah
- Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, Allah
- "الكتاب المقدس باللغة العربية مع السرد الصوتي - Arabic Bible". wordproject.org (in Arabic). Retrieved 2021-10-02.
- "A Short History of Bible Translation in Turkey". translation-trust.org. Retrieved 2021-10-02.