Names of God in Islam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The 99 Names of the one and only lord ALLAH (Arabic: أسماء الله الحسنى‎, translit: ʾasmāʾu llāhi lḥusnā) also known as The 99 attributes of Allah, according to Islamic tradition, are the names of Allah revealed by the Creator (الله) (Allah) in the Qur'an.

The 99 Names of Allah are very important to all muslims and are taken from indirect verses of the Qur'an and they are:

  1. Al Rahman (الرحمن) The Most Gracious
  2. Ar Raheem (الرحيم) The Most Merciful
  3. Al Malik (الملك) The King
  4. Al Quddus (القدوس) The Most Holy
  5. As Salam (السلام) The Ultimate Provider of Peace
  6. Al Mu'min (المؤمن) The Guarant Blessing
  7. Al Muhaymin (المهيمن) The Guardian, the Preserver
  8. Al Aziz (العزيز) The Almighty, the Self Sufficient
  9. Al Jabbaar (الجبار) The Powerful ,
  10. Al Mutakabbir (المتكبر) The Greatest
  11. Al Khaaliq (الخالق) The Creator
  12. Al Baari (البارئ) The Maker
  13. Al Musawwir (المصور) The Fashioner of Forms
  14. Al Ghaffaar (الغفار) The Ever-Forgiving
  15. Al Qahhaar (القهار) The All Subduer
  16. Al Wahhaab(الوهاب) The Bestower
  17. Ar Razzaaq (الرزاق) The Ever-Providing,The Sustainer
  18. Al Fattaah(الفتاح) The Ultimate Judge, The Opener of All Portals, the Victory Giver
  19. Al Alim (العليم) The All-Knowing, the Omniscient
  20. Al Qaabidh (القابض) The Restrainer, the Straightener
  21. Al Baasit (الباسط) The Expander, the Munificent
  22. Al Khaafidh (الخافض) The Abaser, The Demeanor
  23. Ar Raafi' (الرافع) The Exalter
  24. Al Mu'izz (المعز) The Giver of Honor
  25. Al Muzil (المذل) The Humiliator
  26. As Sami/Al Sami' (السميع) The All-Hearing
  27. Al Basir (البصير) The All-Seeing
  28. Al Hakam (الحكم) The Judge, the Ultimate Arbiter
  29. Al 'Adl (العدل) The Utterly Just
  30. Al Latif (اللطيف) The Kind
  31. Al Khabir (الخبير) The All-Aware
  32. Al Halim (الحليم) The Forbearer, The Indulgent
  33. Al-‘Adheem (العظيم) The Magnificent, the Infinite
  34. Al Ghafur (الغفور) The All-Forgiving
  35. Ash Shakur (الشكور) The Grateful
  36. Al Ali (العلي) The Sublimely Exalted
  37. Al Kabir (الكبير) The Great
  38. Al Hafidh (الحفيظ) The Preserver, The Protector
  39. Al Muqit (المقيت) The Nourisher
  40. Al Hasib (الحسيب) The Reckoner
  41. Al Jalil (الجليل) The Majestic
  42. Al Karim (الكريم) The Bountiful, the Generous
  43. Ar Raqib (الرقيب) The Watchful
  44. Al Mujib (المجيب) The Responsive, the Answerer
  45. Al Wasi' (الواسع) The Vast, the All Encompassing
  46. Al Hakim (الحكيم) The Wise
  47. Al Wadud (الودود) The Loving, the Kind One
  48. Al Majid (المجيد) The All Glorious
  49. Al Ba'ith (الباعث) The Raiser of the Dead
  50. Ash Shaheed (الشهيد) The Witness
  51. Al Haqq (الحق) The Truth, the Real
  52. Al Wakil (الوكيل) The Trustee, the Dependable
  53. Al Qawiyy (القوي) The Strong
  54. Al Mateen (المتين) The Firm, the Steadfast
  55. Al Wali (الولي) The Protecting Friend, Patron, and Supporter
  56. Al Hamidu (الحميد) The All Praise Worthy
  57. Al Muhsi (المحصي) The Accounter, The Numberer of All
  58. Al Mubdi (المبدئ) The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of all
  59. Al Mu'id (المعيد) The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
  60. Al Muhyi (المحيي) The Giver of Life
  61. Al Mumit (المميت) The Bringer of Death, the Destroyer
  62. Al Hayy (الحي) The Ever Living
  63. Al Qayyum (القيوم) The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All
  64. Al Waajid (الواجد) The Perceiver, the Finder, the Unfailing
  65. Al Maajid (الماجد) The Illustrious, the Magnificent
  66. Al Waahid (الواحد) The One, the All Inclusive, the Indivisible
  67. Al Ahad (الاحد) The One, the Indivisible
  68. As Samad (الصمد) The Everlasting,The Eternal Refuge
  69. Al Qaadir (القادر) The All-Capable,  The Most Able,  The Most Powerful
  70. Al Muqtadir (المقتدر) The All Determiner, the Dominant
  71. Al Muqaddim (المقدم) The Expediter, He who brings forward
  72. Al Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) The Delayer, He who brings backwards
  73. Al Awwal (الأول) The First
  74. Al Aakhir (الآخر) The Last
  75. Az Dhaahir (الظاهر) The Manifest; the All Victorious
  76. Al Baatin (الباطن) The Hidden; the All Encompassing
  77. Al Waali (الوالي) The Patron
  78. Al Muta'ali (المتعالي) The Self Exalted
  79. Al Barr (البر) The Most Kind and Righteous
  80. At Tawwaab (التواب) The Ever-Pardoning, Ever Relenting
  81. Al Muntaqim (المنتقم) The Avenger
  82. Al 'Afuww (العفو) The Pardoner, The Forgiver
  83. Ar Ra'uf (الرؤوف) The Clement, The Compassionate, The All-Pitying
  84. Malik al Mulk (مالك الملك) The Owner of All Sovereignty
  85. Dhu al Jalal wa al Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
  86. Al Muqsit (المقسط) The Equitable, the Requiter
  87. Al Jaami' (الجامع) The Gatherer, the Unifier
  88. Al Ghani (الغني) The All Rich, the Independent
  89. Al Mughni (المغني) The Enricher, the Emancipator
  90. Al Mani' (المانع) The Withholder, the Shielder, the Defender
  91. Ad Dharr (الضآر) The Distresser
  92. An Nafi' (النافع) The Propitious, the Benefactor
  93. An Nur (النور) The Light
  94. Al Hadi (الهادي) The Guide
  95. Al Badi'i (البديع) Incomparable, the Originator
  96. Al Baaqi (الباقي) The Ever Enduring and Immutable
  97. Al Waarith (الوارث) The Heir, the Inheritor of All
  98. Ar Rashid (الرشيد) The Guide, Infallible Teacher, and Knower
  99. Al Saboor (الصبور) The Forbearing, The Patient

'Allah' is a title for All-Mighty God. The word Allah means The God in Arabic. It is a combination of 'Ilah' in Arabic which means god, and 'al' the alif and laam letters of the Arabic alphabet which denote the definite article, meaning the. The word god simply means something that is worshipped but the word 'Allah' is used uniquely for All-Mighty God who has no partners and is the Only One worthy of worship. Also the word 'Allah' cannot be made plural because All-Mighty God is the One and Only God and no one is worthy of worship except Allah - All-Mighty God, so it clearly fits the unique attributes of Allah. All prophets that have been sent worshipped only One God, Allah- All-Mighty God. However, all prophets used God's personal name Jehovah. Found in the Hebrew and Greek scrolls represented by the 4 Hebrew consonants YHWH called The Tetragrammaton (Je·hoʹvah) [the causative form, the imperfect state, of the Heb. verb ha·wahʹ (become); meaning “He Causes to Become”]. Jehovah is the most common English rendering of YHWH found in first English translation of The Bible (New Testament) translated by William Tyndall at the risk of his life in 1562. God himself as well as all of his prophets used and encouraged the use of His personal name to show His desire for a personal relationship with his creation and to illustrate the aspect of His personality that He becomes what is needed for his people and for His will to accomplished. Muhammad however did not follow this pattern and did not use God's personal name and it is not found in the Qur'an. Prophets showed submission to Allah and all messengers preached the Message of Allah - All-Mighty God.They all worshipped and obeyed the same God - Allah. Some prophets were even granted miracles by Allah- All-Mighty God. All-Mighty God - Allah is the God all messengers spoke of: the God of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. Peace be upon them all.[1] Allah- All-Mighty God is the Lord of the universe, the Lord of everyone and everything that exists.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. LoveAllah328 (2016-06-27), The Word "Allah" in The Bible, retrieved 2017-07-06 
  2. KHAWAJA TARIQ HUSSAIN (2013-08-04), The story told by to angel Jibraeel to prophet Mohammed pbuh .Slaam, retrieved 2017-07-06

Museum Plantin-Moretus/Stedelijk Prentenkabinet Antwerpen; page 21