Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (22 January 1729 in Kamenz ( Saxony) – 15 February 1781 in Braunschweig) was a German poet and philosopher in the time of the enlightenment.
Lessing was one of twelve children. His father was a
Protestant priest. He went to school in Kamenz and got a stipendium for the Higher School in Meißen. From 1746 to 1748, he studied medicine and theology in Leipzig. In 1750, he moved to Berlin, where he met Voltaire. In 1752 he got the Magister (Master) degree from the university in Wittenberg.
He moved back to Leipzig in 1755, but returned later to Berlin. He traveled around in
Europe and studied. He worked as a reporter. From 1760 to 1765, he worked as secretary for a general in Breslau (today: Wroclaw). Later he worked at the theater and became a librarian. Lessing got married in 1776. But 1778 his wife died.
In 1781, Lessing died.
Damon oder die wahre Freundschaft (Damon, or true friendship)
Der junge Gelehrte (The young savant)
Die alte Jungfer (the old virgin)
Die Juden (The Jews)
Der Freigeist (The free spirit)
Der Schatz (The Treasure)
Miss Sara Sampson
Fabeln (3 Bücher) (Fables, 3 books)
Faust (Fragment) (Faust, a frament)
Laokoon oder Über die Grenzen der Malerei und Poesie
Minna von Barnhelm
Hamburgische Dramaturgie (1767-1769)
Das Testament Johannis
Über den Beweis des Geistes und der Kraft
Nathan der Weise
Die Erziehung des Menschengeschlechts
Die eheliche Liebe (Gedicht)
Ernst und Falk - Gespräche für Freimaurer