Government of India Act 1935

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The Government of India Act 1935 was the last constitution of British India. It lasted until 1947, when British India was split into Pakistan and India.

The act

  • Gave Indian provinces more independence
  • It allowed the establishment of an All India Federation.
  • For the first time direct elections were introduced. The right to vote was increased from seven million to thirty-five million.
  • Sind was separated from Bombay, Orissa was separated from Bihar, and Burma was separated from India.
  • The System of Diarchy was dropped at the provincial level but introduced in the central government level
  • Two Houses of Parliament at central government level were introduced with Council of State being the Upper House and Assembly being the Lower House.