Government of India Act 1935

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The Government of India Act 1935 was the last constitution of British India. It lasted until 1947, when British India was split into Pakistan and India.

The act

  • Gave Indian provinces more independence
  • It allowed the establishment of an All India Federation.
  • For the first time direct elections were introduced. The right to vote was increased from seven million to thirty-five million.
  • Sindh was separated from Bombay, Orissa was separated from Bihar, and Burma was separated from India.
  • The System of Diarchy was dropped at the provincial level but introduced in the central government level
  • Two Houses of Parliament at central government level were introduced with Council of State being the Upper House and Assembly being the Lower House.

council of state will be permanent but its 1\3 members would be retire after 3 years .


Despite the failure of round table conferences,in March 1933 the British government announced its proposals for how India should be governed.These were published in a 'white paper'(a discussion issued before a Bill is presented to the British parliament) .After discussions by the British politicians, and consultation with 'safe' Indian delegates, nominated by the government to take part in the talks,a Bill was introduced before the British parliament in December 1934.In August 1935 the government of India act became law.This was the last major legislation that the British government passed before independence was granted.