A graphic novel is a type of comic book usually with a long storyline similar to those of novels. The term also encompasses comic short story anthologies, and in some cases bound collections of previously published comic book series (more commonly referred to as trade paperbacks).
Graphic novels are often bound in a better format than the comic magazines, using the same materials and methods as printed books, and are generally sold in bookstores and specialty comic book shops rather than at newsstands. Graphic novels are popular around the world. The graphic novel traditions are very strong in Japan and the United States. There are many Latino superheroes in American mainstream comics and graphic novels.
Types of Graphic Novels[change | change source]
There are many kinds of graphic novels. The most popular types are:
- Personal Narratives ("Perzines") are autobiographical stories about person experiences or opinions.
- Non-fiction graphic novels deal with major social issues such as war or immigration.
- Manga are Japanese style comics. People read Manga from top to bottom and right to left. This format comes from the traditional Japanese reading pattern.
Famous Graphic Novels[change | change source]
- Maus: A Survivors Tale, My Father Bleeds History by Art Spiegelman. This graphic novel is about the Holocaust.
- Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood by Marjane Satrapi. This is a story about the Islamic revolution of 1979.
- Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic by Alison Bechdel. This tells the story of a gay father who commits suicide. This is an example of a personal narrative.
- United States of Banana: A Graphic Novel by Giannina Braschi. This is an epic graphic novel about Puerto Rico's struggle for liberty.
- Road to Perdition by Max Allan Collins. This is a crime story that became a movie starring Tom Hanks and Jude Law.
- Fullmetal Alchemist, a Manga book.
Further Reading[change | change source]
- Tychinski, Stan. Brodart.com: "A Brief History of the Graphic Novel" (2004)
- Couch, Chris. "The Publication and Formats of Comics, Graphic Novels, and Tankobon", Image & Narrative #1 (Dec. 2000)
- Aldama, Frederick Luis. The Oxford Handbook of Comic Book Studies (Sept. 2020)
References[change | change source]
- Autor., Aldama, Frederick Luis (2017). Latinx superheroes in mainstream comics. The University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-3708-2. OCLC 1055641911.
- "What is a Graphic Novel? | www.buffalolib.org". www.buffalolib.org. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- Segno, Jamie. "Library Guides: Graphic Novels, Manga, & Anime: Introduction". nsufl.libguides.com. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- Weldon, Glen; Mayer, Petra (12 July 2017). "Let's Get Graphic: 100 Favorite Comics And Graphic Novels". NPR. NPR. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "Fun Home review – Alison Bechdel memoir-musical adaptation burrows its way into your heart". The Guardian. 11 May 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "Fiction Book Review: Fun Home by Alison Bechdel, Author, Alison Bechdel, Illustrator . Houghton Mifflin $19.99 (232p) ISBN 978-0-618-47794-4". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "Lesbian Cartoonist Alison Bechdel Countered Dad's Secrecy By Being Out And Open". NPR.org. NPR. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "A Conversation between Frederick Luis Aldama and Tess O'Dwyer, Co-Editors of Poets, Philosophers, Lovers: On the Writings of Giannina Braschi". Latin American Literature Today. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.[permanent dead link]
- "Comics Book Review: United States of Banana: A Graphic Revolution by Giannina Braschi and Joakim Lindengren. Mad Creek, $19.95 trade paper (136p) ISBN 978-0-8142-5786-9". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "Road to Perdition | graphic novel by Collins and Rayner". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 3 August 2021.