Guadalajara

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Guadalajara
City
Ciudad de Guadalajara
City of Guadalajara
Nickname(s): Spanish: La Perla de Occidente (English: The Pearl of the West), Spanish: La Ciudad de las Rosas (English: The City of Roses)
Motto: Spanish: Somos más por Guadalajara, (English: We are more for Guadalajara)
Location of Guadalajara within Jalisco
Guadalajara is located in Mexico
Guadalajara
Location of Guadalajara within Jalisco
Coordinates: 20°40′N 103°21′W / 20.667°N 103.35°W / 20.667; -103.35Coordinates: 20°40′N 103°21′W / 20.667°N 103.35°W / 20.667; -103.35
Country  Mexico
State Jalisco
Region Centro
Municipality Guadalajara
Foundation February 14, 1542
Founded by Cristóbal de Oñate
Government
 • Mayor Ramiro Hernández García (PRI)
Area
 • City 151 km2 (58 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,734 km2 (1,056 sq mi)
Elevation 1,566 m (5,138 ft)
Population (2010)
 • City 1,495,189
 • Density 10,361/km2 (26,830/sq mi)
 • Metro 4,424,252
 • Metro density 1,583/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
 • Demonym Tapatío, guadalajarense
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)

Guadalajara is a city in Mexico. Over one and a half million people live there. It is the second-largest city in Mexico. It is the capital of the Mexican state of Jalisco. It is in Western Mexico and is over 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level. Guadalajara is a major Latin American city in terms of industry, tourism, and culture. A famous football team called Chivas Guadalajara plays there. Guadalajara is thought to be where mariachi music came from.

The city is named after Guadalajara, Spain.