Habib Bourguiba

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The Supreme Combatant

Habib Bourguiba
الحبيب بورقيبة
1st President of Tunisia
In office
25 July 1957 – 7 November 1987
Interim: 25 July 1957 – 8 November 1959
Prime MinisterBahi Ladgham
Hédi Nouira
Mohammed Mzali
Rachid Sfar
Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali
Preceded byOffice created
(Muhammad VIII as King of Tunisia)
Succeeded byZine El-Abidine Ben Ali
2nd Prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia
20th Head of government
In office
11 April 1956 – 25 July 1957
MonarchKing Muhammad VIII
Preceded byTahar Ben Ammar
Succeeded byOffice abolished
1st Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
15 April 1956 – 29 July 1957
MonarchKing Muhammad VIII
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded bySadok Mokaddem
1st Minister of Defense
In office
15 April 1956 – 29 July 1957
MonarchKing Muhammad VIII
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byBahi Ladgham
1st Speaker of the National Constituent Assembly
In office
9 April 1956 – 15 April 1956
MonarchKing Muhammad VIII
Preceded byFirst officeholder
Succeeded byJallouli Fares
Personal details
Habib Ibn Ali Bourguiba

(1903-08-03)3 August 1903
Monastir, Regency of Tunisia
Died6 April 2000(2000-04-06) (aged 96)
Monastir, Tunisia
Resting placeBourguiba mausoleum
Monastir, Tunisia
Political partySocialist Destourian Party (1964–87)
Other political
Neo Destour (1934–64)
Destourian Movement (1930–34)
ChildrenJean Habib Bourguiba
Hajer Bourguiba (adoptive)
MotherFattouma Khefacha
FatherAli Bourguiba
RelativesM'hamed Bourguiba (brother)
Mahmoud Bourguiba (brother)
Alma materUniversity of Paris
OccupationPolitical activist

Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (Arabic: الحبيب بورقيبة al-Ḥabīb Būrqībah; 3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000)[1] was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman.

Bourguiba served as the country's leader from independence in 1956 to 1987. He first served as the second Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia before proclaiming the Tunisian Republic in 1957 and thus becoming the first President of Tunisia.

Before to that, he played a major role in obtaining independence from France, ending the 75 years old protectorate and earning the title of "Supreme Combatant".

References[change | change source]

  1. New African. IC Magazines Limited. 2000.