French protectorate of Tunisia

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
French protectorate of Tunisia
Protectorat français de Tunisie
الحماية الفرنسية في تونس
1881–1956
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Anthem: and
Beylical Anthem
Tunisia (dark blue) French possessions in Africa (light blue) 1913
Tunisia (dark blue)
French possessions in Africa (light blue)
1913
StatusProtectorate
CapitalTunis
Common languagesFrench
Italian
Berber languages
Standard Arabic
Tunisian Arabic
Judeo-Tunisian Arabic
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s)Tunisian
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy under French protectorate
Bey 
• 1859–1882 (first)
Muhammad III as-Sadiq
• 1943–1956 (last)
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
Resident-General 
• 1885–1886 (first)
Paul Cambon
• 1955–1956 (last)
Roger Seydoux[a]
History 
12 May 1881
20 March 1956
CurrencyTunisian rial
(until 1891)
Tunisian franc
(1891–1958)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Beylik of Tunis
Kingdom of Tunisia
Today part ofTunisia

The French protectorate of Tunisia (French: Protectorat français de Tunisie; Arabic: الحماية الفرنسية في تونس al-Ḥimāya al-Fransīya fī Tūnis), commonly known as French Tunisia, was created in 1881, during the French colonial Empire era, and lasted until Tunisian independence in 1956.[1][2]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. as High Commissioner

References[change | change source]

  1. Ling, Dwight L. (August 1960). "The French Invasion of Tunisia, 1881". The Historian. 22 (4): 396–412. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6563.1960.tb01666.x. JSTOR 24436566.
  2. Perkins, Kenneth J. (2004). A History of Modern Tunisia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81124-4.