The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, leading to the abolition of slavery in Haiti and the formation of Haiti as the first modern republic ruled by Africans. The main leaders were former slaves Toussaint Louverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines. The Haitian Revolution led to Haiti being the second nation in the Americas (after the United States) formed from a European colony. Toussaint Louverture's methods included:
- Assembling (collecting; gathering) 20,000 fighting men, providing training, ammunition, and discipline.
- Trade with the USA, which allowed to him to export commodities (goods to be bought and sold) and import ammunition.
- Military Alliances with other countries (especialy France) to obtain trading and ammunition.
- Tactics; Toussaint burnt towns, threw corpses (dead bodies) into wells to poison them, and fought enemies even in the wet season.