Jean-Jacques Dessalines

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Jacques I
Dessalines emperor haiti.jpg
Emperor of Haiti
Reign2 September 1804 – 17 October 1806
Coronation8 October 1804
Governor-General of Haiti
In office1 January 1804 - 2 September 1804
Born(1758-09-20)20 September 1758
Cormier, Grande-Rivière-du-Nord, Saint-Domingue
Died17 October 1806(1806-10-17) (aged 48)
Pont Larnage (now Pont Rouge), near Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Burial17 October 1806 by Dédée Bazile
SpouseMarie-Claire Heureuse Félicité
Full name
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Coat of armsJean-Jacques Dessalines Coat of arms.jpg

Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Haitian Creole: Jan-Jak Desalin; French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ ʒak dɛsalin]; 20 September 1758 – 17 October 1806), was one of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of Independent Haiti under the Constitution of 1805.[1] Jacques would permanently end slavery in Haiti, he was named Emperor of Haiti by the leaders of the Revolution until his assassination in 1806; he is considered one of the founding fathers of Haiti.[2] He is regarded as one of the founding fathers of Haiti.[3]

In an act of genocide, he would provoke the Massacre in Haiti of 1804, where around 3,000 to 5,000 people would die, excluding the Polish Legionaries.

References[change | change source]

  1. Philippe R. Girard (2011). The Slaves Who Defeated Napoleon: Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian War of Independence 1801–1804. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 978-0-8173-1732-4
  2. "Gazette Politique et Commecial D'Haïti" (PDF). P. Roux, Imprimeur de L’Empreur. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. "Independent Haiti". Retrieved 27 November 2006.

Other websites[change | change source]