First Empire of Haiti

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Empire of Haiti
French: Empire d'Haïti
Haitian Creole: Anpi an Ayiti
1804–1806
Flag of Haiti
Motto: Liberté ou la Mort! (French)
"Liberty or Death!"
The Empire of Haiti in the south of Hispaniola
The Empire of Haiti in the south of Hispaniola
CapitalPort-au-Prince
Common languagesFrench
Haitian Creole
Religion
Roman Catholic
Demonym(s)Haitian
GovernmentElective monarchy
Emperor 
• 1804–1806
Jacques I
Historical era19th century
1 January 1804
• Proclamation of Jean-Jacques Dessalines as Emperor Jacques I
22 September 1804
• Assassination of Emperor Jacques I
17 October 1806
CurrencyHaitian livre
ISO 3166 codeHT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Saint-Domingue
State of Haiti
Republic of Haiti
Today part ofDominican Republic
Haiti

The First Empire of Haiti[1][2] (French: Empire d'Haïti), officially Empire of Haiti (Haitian Creole: Anpi an Ayiti),[3] was an Elective Monarchy on the current Island of Hispaniola, after the Independence of Haiti on January 1, 1804 by Jean-Jacques Dessalines,[4] the Empire would be founded until September 24, 1804, and would be crowned as Jacques I of Haiti on October 6 of that same year, he would be assassinated on October 17, 1806 and the Empire would be dissolved to give way to the State and Republic of Haiti, it is not related to the Second Empire of Haiti by Faustin Soulouque.

During the creation of the constitution,[5] it was known for the banning of white people from Haiti, except for the nationalized Germans and Poles.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Haiti: 1805 Constitution". faculty.webster.edu. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  2. Stieber, Chelsea (August 18, 2020). Haiti's Paper War: Post-Independence Writing, Civil War, and the Making of the Republic, 1804–1954. NYU Press. ISBN 978-1-4798-0215-9.
  3. The Augustan Society Omnibus. The Society. 1986.
  4. "Jean-Jacques Dessalines – Death, Facts & Life – Biography". www.biography.com. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  5. "Haiti: 1805 Constitution". faculty.webster.edu. Retrieved 11 September 2016.