Haitian Creole

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Haitian Creole
Kreyol ayisyen
Native to Haiti (Official)
Dominican Republic
United States
Native speakers
close to 13,000,000
French Creole languages
  • Antillean Creoles
    • Haitian Creole
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by Ministère de l'éducation nationale et de la formation professionnelle
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ht
ISO 639-2 hat
ISO 639-3 hat
Linguasphere 51-AAC-cb
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Haitian Creole is a type of Creole language spoken by 13 million people in Haiti and as well as outside of Haiti.

Origins[change | change source]

The Haitian Creole was made by contact between French speakers and the speakers of African languages in Haiti. They needed a way to talk to each other, and formed a mixture of languages. The African influence in Haitian Creole can easily be heard in the sound, syntax, and some words.[1] People who speak French or the African languages would have a hard time understanding the Haitian Creole language.

References[change | change source]

  1. Lefebvre (1985). A recent research project of the Leiden-based Research School CNWS on this topic concerns the relation between Gbe and Surinamese creole languages. The project is titled A trans-Atlantic Sprachbund? The structural relationship between the Gbe-languages of West Africa and the Surinamese creole languages.