Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

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Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
Panoramic view of Harpers Ferry from Maryland Heights, with the Shenandoah (left) and Potomac (right) rivers.
Panoramic view of Harpers Ferry from Maryland Heights, with the Shenandoah (left) and Potomac (right) rivers.
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CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
 • MayorGregory F. Vaughn
 • RecorderKevin Carden
 • Total0.61 sq mi (1.58 km2)
 • Land0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
489 ft (149 m)
 • Total286
 • Estimate 
 • Density539.6/sq mi (208.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-35284[1]
GNIS feature ID1560593[4]

Harpers Ferry is a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States.[a] In some cases the name Harper's Ferry has been spelled using an apostrophe.[b] Harpers Ferry sits at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers. This is where the U.S. states of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia meet. It is the easternmost town in West Virginia. The original, lower section of the town is located on a low-lying floodplain created by the two rivers. It is surrounded by higher ground on all sides. Historically, Harpers Ferry is best known for John Brown's raid on the Armory in 1859 and its role in the American Civil War.[7] During the war, between 1861 and 1865, the town changed hands between Union and Confederate forces 14 times.[8] The Battle of Harpers Ferry resulted in the largest surrender by Union Army soldiers in the Civil War.[8]

The population was 286 at the 2010 census.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Prior to West Virginia becoming a state in 1863, Harpers Ferry was located in Virginia.[5]
  2. For example: Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-64. Volume: 1. (1866), p. 279; French Ensor Chadwick, Causes of the Civil War, 1859-1861 (1906) p. 74; Allan Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln (1950) v, 2 ch 3; James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (1988), p. 201; Stephen W. Sears, Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam (2003) p. 116. The popular usage is without the apostrophe.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Harpers Ferry, West Virginia". Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  3. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  4. "TopoQuest map". TopoQuest. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. "West Virginia". History. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. "Apostrophes don't always make the cut". The Virginian-Pilot. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. "Harpers Ferry Town Website". Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Ten Facts about Harpers Ferry". Civil War Trust. Retrieved 29 June 2016.