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Grid plan of Heijō Kyō

Heijō-kyō (Japanese: 平城京, also known as Heizei-kyō) was twice the ancient Imperial capital of Japan from 710 to 784. It was where Nara is today.[1]

History[change | change source]

In 710, Empress Gemmei moved the Imperial capital from Fujiwara-kyō which is about 18 km south.[1]

Timeline[change | change source]

  • 707 (Keiun 4): Emperor Mommu orders construction of a new capital city, but the work is not complete before his death.[2]
  • 710 (Wadō 3, 3rd month): Empress Gemmei moves from Fujiwara-kyō to Heijō-kyō. The palace of the empress was named Nara-no-miya.[3]
  • 784 (Enryaku 3): Capital is moved briefly to Nagaoka
  • 794 (Enryaku 13): Capital was moved to Heian-kyō and the palace was named Heian no Miya.[4]
  • November 17, 794 (Enryaku 13, 21st day of the 10th month): The emperor traveled by carriage from Nara to Heian-kyō in a grand procession.[5] This marks the end of the Nara period and the beginning of the Heian period in Japanese history.

Architecture[change | change source]

The Heijō Palace[6] and some of the Buddhist temples at Heijō-kyō are named together as a UNESCO World Heritage Site,[7] including

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Heijō-kyō" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 304-305.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, p. 64.
  3. Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 270.
  4. Brown, p. 277.
  5. Brown, p. 279.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Naracity Tourist Association, World Heritage Archived 2012-01-12 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-12-8.
  7. UNESCO, "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara"; retrieved 2012-4-19.

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 34°41′28″N 135°47′41″E / 34.69111°N 135.79472°E / 34.69111; 135.79472