History[change | change source]
In this period Kyoto was the center of Japanese culture.
Outside of the capital people lived in tiny countries ruled by sorcerer queens.
It was also in this period that the first known novel was published.
It's author was a woman.
Poetry was very popular in Heian-kyo at the time.
Timeline[change | change source]
- 794: Emperor Kammu moves the capital to Heian-kyō.
- 804: Saichō (also known as Dengyo Daishi) establishes the Tendai Buddhist sect in Japan.
- 806: Kūkai (also known as Kōbō-Daishi) establishes the Shingon Bhuddist sect in Japan
- 858: Reign of Emperor Seiwa begins; the power of the Fujiwara clan expands
- 895: Sugawara Michizane persuades Emperor Uda to suspend Imperial embassies to China.
- 1053: Byōdō-in temple near Kyōto is completed
- 1087: Emperor Shirakawa abdicates and becomes a Buddhist monk, the beginning of the Insei system of Imperial government
- 1185: Death of Emperor Antoku; Taira clan is defeated in the Gempei War
Gallery[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Library of Congress Country Studies, Japan,"Nara and Heian Periods"; retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Heian-jidai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 302.
- Brown, Delmer M. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 277-279.
- History of Tendai Buddhism; retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Koyosan Shingon Buddhism, Kobo Daishi; retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 115-121; Brown, pp. 286-288; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 166-17.
- Kitagawa, Hiroshi et al. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 222.
- Asian Historical Architecture, Byōdō-in; retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Titsingh, p. 171; Brown, p. 316; Varley, p. 202.
- Kitagawa, p. 787; Titsingh, pp. 211-212.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Metropolitan Museum of Art, Heian Period (794–1185)
- British Museum, Heian period (AD 794-1185)
- Japan-guide.com, Nara and Heian Periods (710-1185)