Jōmon period

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The Jōmon period ((縄文時代, Jōmon-jidai) is the time in Japanese prehistory which started in roughly 14,000 BC[1] to 10,000 BC.[2]

The period ended in roughly 500 BC[3] or 400 BC[2] to 300 BC.

"Jōmon" means "patterns of plaited cord"[2] or "cord-patterned" [4] from the way they decorated their pottery. The Jōmon came long ago from Central Asia and southern Siberia to Japan. They were very different from modern East Asians and were more similar to Europeans and people in the Middle East. Many scientists link them to the paleolithic population of Europe (Cro-Magnon). Their culture is unique and some similarities exists with Native American cultures of the northwestern coastal cultures.[5][6]

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References[change | change source]

  1. Habu, Junko. (2004). Ancient Jomon of Japan, p. 42; "Jomon Fantasy: Resketching Japan's Prehistory," June 22, 1999; retrieved 2011-12-14.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Facts About Japan, "Ancient Japan" Archived 2016-11-04 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-12-14.
  3. Kelly, Charles F. Jomon Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 21, 2009; retrieved 2011-12-14.
  4. Hall, John, Whitney. (1996). Ancient Japan, p. 270.
  5. (PDF) Jomon Culture and the peopling of the Japanese archipelago: advancements in the fields of morphometrics and ancient DNA. (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281036097_Jomon_Culture_and_the_peopling_of_the_Japanese_archipelago_advancements_in_the_fields_of_morphometrics_and_ancient_DNA)
  6. 崎谷満『DNA・考古・言語の学際研究が示す新・日本列島史』(勉誠出版 2009年)(in Japanese)

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Jōmon period at Wikimedia Commons