Jōmon period

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The Jōmon period ((縄文時代, Jōmon-jidai) is the time in Japanese prehistory which started in roughly 14,000 BC[1] to 10,000 BC.[2]

The period ended in roughly 500 BC[3] or 400 BC[2] to 300 BC.

"Jōmon" means "patterns of plaited cord"[2] or "cord-patterned" [4] from the way they decorated their pottery.

Haplogroup C1a (Y-DNA) worldwide.png

The Jōmon came long ago from Central Asia and southern Siberia to Japan. They were very different from modern East Asians and were more similar to Europeans and people in the Middle East. Many scientists link them the the paleolithic population of Europe (Cro-Magnon). Their culture is unique and some similarities exists with Native American cultures of the northwestern coastal cultures. The Jōmon were anthropologically part of the Caucasoid race.[5][6][7]

Genetically ther were distinct from other East and Southeast Asians and closest to ancient South Siberians. Today, Jōmon DNA is found in the Ainu people and the Emishi of Japan, but little Jōmon DNA is also found in modern Japanese people, Native Taiwanese, Ulchi in Siberia, Nivkhs on Sakhalin and the various groups on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Some corrections seem also to exist to modern Europeans, Middle Easterners and Berber people as well as to the Tlingit tribes of Northern America.[8]

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References[change | change source]

  1. Habu, Junko. (2004). Ancient Jomon of Japan, p. 42; "Jomon Fantasy: Resketching Japan's Prehistory," June 22, 1999; retrieved 2011-12-14.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Facts About Japan, "Ancient Japan"; retrieved 2012-12-14.
  3. Kelly, Charles F. Jomon Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 21, 2009; retrieved 2011-12-14.
  4. Hall, John, Whitney. (1996). Ancient Japan, p. 270.
  5. Old World sources of the first New World human inhabitants: A comparative craniofacial view - Brace et al. 2001 (https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/98/17/10017.full.pdf)
  6. (PDF) Jomon Culture and the peopling of the Japanese archipelago: advancements in the fields of morphometrics and ancient DNA. (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281036097_Jomon_Culture_and_the_peopling_of_the_Japanese_archipelago_advancements_in_the_fields_of_morphometrics_and_ancient_DNA)
  7. 崎谷満『DNA・考古・言語の学際研究が示す新・日本列島史』(勉誠出版 2009年)(in Japanese)
  8. Hideo Matsumoto: The origin of the Japanese race based on genetic markers of immunoglobulin G. In: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences. Band 85, Nr. 2, Februar 2009, ISSN 0386-2208, S. 69–82

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Jōmon period at Wikimedia Commons