Ainu people

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A group of Ainu.
A Ainu man from Hokkaidō - Japan

The Ainu people are the native population of northern Japan. The term is used also for their culture[1] and language[2] in the Ezo region (Hokkaido).[3]

Area of the Ainu

The majority of their ancestors, the Jōmon people, came long ago from Central Asia and southern Siberia.[4] The Ainu and most of the Jōmon were a predominantly Caucasoid or Caucasian-related ethnic group which arrived in Japan about 30,000 — 15,000 years ago. They were largely replaced by the proto-Japanese which arrived from southwestern China about 2,000 years ago. The Ainu have strong similarities with Palaeolithic Europeans and people of the Middle East as well as with Native American groups of the northwestern coastal culture area in North America.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Batchelor, John. (1902). Sea-Girt Yezo: Glimpses at Missionary Work in North Japan, pp. 7-8.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ainu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 113.
  3. Nussbaum, "Ezo" at p. 184.
  4. Denoon, Donald; Hudson, Mark; McCormack, Gavan (2001-11-20). Multicultural Japan: Palaeolithic to Postmodern. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521003629.
  5. Old World sources of the first New World human inhabitants: A comparative craniofacial view - C. Loring Brace et al. 2001

Other websites[change | change source]