The majority of their ancestors, the Jōmon people, came long ago from Central Asia and southern Siberia. The Ainu and most of the Jōmon were a predominantly Caucasoid or Caucasian-related ethnic group which arrived in Japan about 30,000 — 15,000 years ago. They were largely replaced by the proto-Japanese which arrived from southwestern China about 2,000 years ago. The Ainu have strong similarities with Palaeolithic Europeans and people of the Middle East as well as with Native American groups of the northwestern coastal culture area in North America.
References[change | change source]
- Batchelor, John. (1902). Sea-Girt Yezo: Glimpses at Missionary Work in North Japan, pp. 7-8.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ainu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 113.
- Nussbaum, "Ezo" at p. 184.
- Denoon, Donald; Hudson, Mark; McCormack, Gavan (2001-11-20). Multicultural Japan: Palaeolithic to Postmodern. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521003629.
- Old World sources of the first New World human inhabitants: A comparative craniofacial view - C. Loring Brace et al. 2001
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ainu.|
- The Ainu Museum
- Smithsonian Institute
- Nippon Utari Kyokai
- Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Ainu
- Ainu-North American cultural similarities
- Spirit Cave Man May Rewrite Continent's History
- Foundation for Research and Promotion of Ainu Culture
- Ainu Lineage
- The Boone Collection