Heinrich Wilhelm Schott
Heinrich Wilhelm Schott
|Died||3 May 1865 (aged 71)|
|Alma mater||University of Vienna|
|Known for||Extensive works on Araceae|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Schott|
Heinrich Wilhelm Schott was an Austrian botanist well known for his extensive work on aroids (Family Araceae).
He was born on 7 January 1794 in Brno, a city in Moravia that in those years was part of the Austrian Empire and that now is part of the Czech Republic. As a young boy, he came to live in Vienna, where his father was the chief gardener of the botanical garden of the university.
He studied botany, agriculture and chemistry at the University of Vienna, where he was a student of the botanist Joseph Franz von Jacquin (1766-1839). In 1815 he became gardener at the garden for the Austrian flora at the Belveder palace.
He was a participant in the Austrian Brazil Expedition from 1817 to 1821. While in Brazil from mid-1817 through 1821, Schott established and managed an introduction garden for accustoming living plants to more temperate climates in order to have them brought to Europe at a later date, made field trips, and prepared many notes concerning the plants and animals he saw.
In 1821 Schott returned to Vienna, where he worked as gardener again. In 1828 he was appointed Hofgärtner (Royal Gardener) in Vienna, later serving as director of the Imperial Gardens at Schönbrunn Palace (1845). In 1852 he was in charge of transforming part of palace gardens in the fashion of an English garden. He also enriched the Viennese court gardens with his collections from Brazil.
He was interested in plants that grow in high mountains, above the tree line,[N 1] He developed a garden with that kind of plants (an alpine garden) at Belvedere in Vienna.
He died at the Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, on 5 March 1865.
Publications[change | change source]
- Meletemata botanica (with Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher), 1832
- Rutaceae. Fragmenta botanica, 1834
- Genera filicum, 84 pp. 1834–1836
- Aroideae, 1853-1857
- Analecta botanica (with Theodor Kotschy and Carl Fredrik Nyman), 70 pp. 1854
- Synopsis Aroidearum complectens enumerationem systematicam generum at specierum hujus ordinis, 148 pp. 1856
- Icones Aroidearum, 1857
- Genera Aroidearum Exposita, 1858
- Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum, 1860
Species named for Schott[change | change source]
Other botanists named plants in honour of Schott; some of them are:
- (Acanthaceae) Aphelandra schottiana'' (Nees) Profice
- (Acanthaceae) Schaueria schottii Nees
- (Agavaceae) Agave schottii Engelm.
- (Apiaceae) Dichoropetalum schottii (Besser ex DC.) Pimenov & Kljuykov
- (Rubiaceae) Uragoga schottiana (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
- (Trigoniaceae) Trigonia schottiana Turcz.
- (Verbenaceae) Stachytarpheta schottiana Schauer
Notes[change | change source]
- ↑ These plants are called sometimes as alpine plants because they are common in the high Alps, even if they exist in other high mountains. Alpine plants must resist the difficult conditions of the alpine environment, like low temperatures, dryness, ultraviolet radiation, and a short growing season.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Riedl, Harald (September 1965). "Heinrich Wilhem Schott". Taxon. 14 (7): 209. doi:10.2307/1216290. JSTOR 1216290.
- ↑ Thomas B. Croat. "History and Current Status of Systematic Research with Araceae". International Aroid Society. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- ↑ Brummitt, R. K.; C. E. Powell (1992). Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-085-4.
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Botanical Art of Schott's Aroideae Maximilianae by Scott Hyndman
- Deutsche Biographie Schott, Heinrich Wilhelm (biography).