|Hideki Tōjō nickname = Razor|
A portrait of Hideki Tojo
|Prime Minister of Japan
(Leader of the Taisei Yokusankai)
October 17, 1941 – July 22, 1944
|Preceded by||Fumimaro Konoe|
|Succeeded by||Kuniaki Koiso|
|Minister of War|
22 July 1940 – 22 July 1944
|Preceded by||Hata Shunroku|
|Succeeded by||Hajime Sugiyama|
December 30, 1884|
Hamachi district of Tokyo, Empire of Japan
|Died||December 23, 1948
Tokyo, occupied Japan
|Cause of death||Executed by hanging|
|Political party||Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)|
|Awards||Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd Class
Order of the Sacred Treasure
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Years of service||1905-1945|
|Battles/wars||February 26 Incident
Second Sino-Japanese War
Japanese invasion of Manchuria
World War II
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Hideki Tōjō was born on 30 December 1884 in Tokyo, Japan where he was the third son of a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army named Hidenori Tōjō. Tōjō had two other brothers that were older than him but they all died before he was born.
In 1909, he married a woman named Katsuko Ito and he had seven children with her: three sons and four daughters.
In the 1930s, Hideki Tōjō fought in the Sino-Japanese war, leading Japanese forces in occupied Manchuria. He returned to Tokyo in 1940 and held ministerial posts, where he urged an alliance with Germany and Italy against the Allied forces. Tojo became Prime Minister in 1941 and within two months ordered a surprise attack on U.S. naval forces in Hawaii. (The subsequent attack on Pearl Harbor was planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.) He shot himself 4 times in the chest, but missed and the bullets hit his stomach, disarmed and with blood gushing out of his chest, Tojo began to talk, his words were ""I am very sorry it is taking me so long to die. The Greater East Asia War was justified and righteous. I am very sorry for the nation and all the races of the Greater Asiatic powers. I wait for the righteous judgment of history. I wished to commit suicide but sometimes that fails." Tojo served as the political and military leader of Japan until 1944, when he was demoted by Hirohito. After the war the Allies found Tojo guilty of war crimes and hanged him in Tokyo on 23 December 1948.
References[change | change source]
- Baudot, Marcel. The Historical encyclopedia of World War II. p. 455.
- Toland, John. The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945. p. 871–872.
- "Japanese war crimes trial begins". History. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japanese-war-crimes-trial-begins. Retrieved 2013-12-22.