|Prime Minister of Japan|
17 October 1941 – 22 July 1944
|Preceded by||Fumimaro Konoe|
|Succeeded by||Kuniaki Koiso|
|Minister of War|
22 July 1940 – 22 July 1944
|Prime Minister||Fumimaro Konoe (1940–1941)|
|Preceded by||Shunroku Hata|
|Succeeded by||Hajime Sugiyama|
|Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office|
21 February 1944 – 18 July 1944
|Preceded by||Hajime Sugiyama|
|Succeeded by||Yoshijirō Umezu|
|Born||December 30, 1884|
Kōjimachi ward, Tokyo, Empire of Japan
|Died||December 23, 1948 (aged 63)|
Sugamo Prison, Tokyo, Occupied Japan
|Cause of death||Execution by hanging|
|Political party||Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)|
|Independent (before 1940)|
Katsuko Ito (m. 1909)
|Children||3 sons, 4 daughters|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Branch/service||Empire of Japan Army|
|Commands||Kwantung Army (1932–1934)|
Hideki Tōjō was born on 30 December 1884 in Tokyo, Japan. He was the third son of a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army named Hidenori Tōjō. Tōjō had two older brothers but they died before he was born.
In 1909, he married a woman named Katsuko Ito and he had seven children with her: three sons and four daughters.
In the 1930s, Hideki Tōjō fought in the Sino-Japanese war, leading Japanese forces in occupied Manchuria. He returned to Tokyo in 1940 and held ministerial posts, where he urged an alliance with Germany and Italy against the Allied forces. Tojo became Prime Minister in 1941 and within two months ordered a surprise attack on U.S. naval forces in Hawaii. (The subsequent attack on Pearl Harbor was planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.)
After Japan surrendered, American troops went to arrest Tojo and surrounded his house. He shot himself four times in the chest, but missed and the bullets hit his stomach. Disarmed and with blood gushing out of his chest, Tojo began to talk. He said, "I am very sorry it is taking me so long to die. The Greater East Asia War was justified and righteous. I am very sorry for the nation and all the races of the Greater Asiatic powers. I wait for the righteous judgment of history. I wished to commit suicide but sometimes that fails."
References[change | change source]
- Yenne, p. 337. sfn error: no target: CITEREFYenne (help)
- Baudot, Marcel. The Historical encyclopedia of World War II. p. 455.
- Toland, John. The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945. p. 871–872.
- "Japanese war crimes trial begins". History. Retrieved 2013-12-22. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Hideki Tōjō at Wikimedia Commons