Hominin

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Hominini
Male Bonobo Lola ya Bonobo 2008.jpg
Male bonobo
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Tribe: Hominini
Gray, 1825

Hominini is the tribe of african apes that comprises humans (Homo), and all ancestors of Homo sapiens back to the split from the apes. This branching is now dated at five to eight million years ago, with Sahelanthropus as a key fossil.[1]

A less frequent usage includes the two species present-day of the genus Pan (the common chimpanzee and the bonobo). In this case, the subtribe Hominina is the "human" branch, including genus Homo and its close relatives, but not Pan. All species in this tribe carry the same four blood-types which can be exchanged between species.

Genera[change | change source]

Subtribe Panina

Subtribe Hominina

Evolutionary tree of the superfamily Hominoidea. It highlights the subfamily Homininae. First the gibbons (Hylobatidae) split from the main line some 18 million years ago. Next, the subfamily Ponginae broke away—leading to the current orangutan. Later the Homininae split into the tribe Hominini (with subtribes Hominina and Panina), and the tribe Gorillini

References[change | change source]

  1. Wood B. 2010. Reconstructing human evolution: achievements, challenges, and opportunities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 8902–8909. [1]