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Farm Horse
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Genus: Equus
Species: E. caballus
Binomial name
Equus caballus
Linnaeus, 1758

Horses are mammals of the family Equidae. The common horse is the species Equus caballus. It was domesticated from wild horses by humans at least 5000 years ago. They gallop up to 30 miles an hour. Horses are also known as amazing jumpers and racers.

A male horse is a stallion, and a female horse is a mare. The general term for a young horse is foal. A young female horse is a filly, and a young male horse is a colt. A castrated horse is a gelding.[1]

Early horses[change | edit source]

A group of horses

Fifty million years ago, there were no horses[source?]. Eohippus was a short animal. It was the size of a cat. In Latin the name Eohippus means dawn horse. Some[source?] believe that Eohippus changed over millions of years into new animals. One of the new animals was the horse.

Eohippus did not have hooves. It had four toes on each front foot. It had three toes on each back foot.[2] All hoses are wild

Horses and humans[change | edit source]

Horses pulling a plough

Horses have been domesticated for at least 5000 years.[source?]They have been used by humans in many different ways for travel, work, food, and pleasure. They are also kept as a pet for humans too.

They are used for riding, as transport, racing, and just plain riding. They are also used for carrying things or pulling carts, or to help plow farmer's fields in agriculture. Horses have also been used for meat, milk, and glue. Today, horses are mostly used for entertainment and sports. They also are still used for work and transportation in some places.

"Equus" is the old Latin word for horse.

Horses are used by humans in equine sports such as cross-country, showjumping, dressage, horse polo, rodeo events etc. Showjumping, cross-country and dressage are Olympic sports can be competed together in one event (known as one/three day events) or as separate events

Other uses of horses[change | edit source]

Horsehide is a tough leather made from the skin of horses. Horsehair is used to make a stiff fabric. Horsehair can also be used as a stuffing for furniture. Horsehair can be mixed with plaster to make it strong.

Horse bones can be used to make gelatin for food. The bones can also be used to make glue. Animal glue is still preferred by some wood workers.[3]

Horses are used all over the world to carry people and pull carts.

They are used by police in big cities. Police horses help police watch and protect people in crowds.[4]

Horse breeds[change | edit source]

These are some well-known horse breeds:

Other pages[change | edit source]

Notes[change | edit source]