The Huns were an early group of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomadic people.  They moved into Europe around 370, and in the 5th century, built an empire there under Attila the Hun. After Attila's death in 453, the empire fell apart.
References[change | change source]
- Walter Pohl has remarked "early medieval peoples were far less homogeneous than often thought. They themselves shared the fundamental belief to be of common origin; and modern historians, for a long time, found no reason to think otherwise." (Walter Pohl, "Conceptions of Ethnicity in Early Medieval Studies" Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings, ed. Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein, (Blackwell), 1998, p 16). In reviewing Joachim Werner's Beiträge zur Archäologie des Attila-Reiches (Munich 1956), in Speculum 33.1 (January 1958), p 159, Otto J. Maenchen-Helfen noted with relief that "the author is not concerned with the slightly infantile question, 'who' the Huns were; he does not ask where the Huns 'ultimately' came from."
Further reading[change | change source]
- Note:These may not be written in Basic English.
- Otto J. Mänchen-Helfen: The Legend of the Origin of the Huns (published in Byzantion, vol. XVII, 1944-45, pp. 244–251)
- E. A. Thompson: A History of Attila and the Huns (London, Oxford University Press, 1948)
- J. Webster: The Huns and Existentialist Thought (Loudonville, Siena College Press, 2006)
- Coinage and History of the White Huns- Waleed Ziad- Articles from the 'Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society', 2004-2006
- The History Files Europe: The Origins of the Huns, based on conversations with Kemal Cemal, Turkey, 2002