Ice cream

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mint Chocolate Chip ice cream
Multi colored ice cream beads

Ice cream is a frozen dessert made from cream and ice, with added flavors and sweeteners. This mixture is quickly frozen while it is stirred continuously in a mixer, so that large ice crystals do not form. Some ice cream is made with carrageenan, a gum found in seaweed so that it is not sticky and easily eatable. Nowadays, ice cream comes with different flavors, shapes, colours and textures. It has a melting point of 0 °C (32 °F).

History[change | change source]

Early history[change | change source]

Ice cream was first eaten as early as 500 BC in Persia. In the Achaemenid Empire, ice cream was made of ice combined with flavorings. Just like modern ice cream, this type of ice cream is eaten during summer.[1][2] In 400 BC, the Persians invented a special type of ice cream reserved to the royalty during summers. This type of ice cream is made of rose water and vermicelli.[3] The ice in this particular ice cream was mixed with saffron, fruits, and various other flavors.

In 200 BC, the Chinese used a frozen mixture of milk and rice to make ice cream.[4]

A Roman cookbook from the 1st century includes recipes for sweet desserts that are sprinkled with snow.[5]

Growth[change | change source]

In the 17th century sorbets and ice creams were made by adding salt to ice, making it freeze.

There are lots of stories about the history of ice cream, but not much real evidence.

Ice cream became very popular in the Mediterranean in the 1800s.[6] Mediterranean people during the 1800s could easily afford ice cream. People started to make lots of recipes for ice cream. Before refrigeration they had to collect ice and store it in ice houses.

From the 1950s onward, ice cream became a lot more popular. Refrigeration was easily affordable because many people owned fridges that could store ice cream for a very long time without melting.

Preparation[change | change source]

An ice cream truck

There are lots of ways to make ice cream. Most people don't make ice cream, because it is easier to buy.

Shops make ice cream by mixing cream and other things like milk, sugar, and eggs. Then they add flavoring (something that adds flavor to a food). Then they freeze it.

A method of making ice cream is by putting cream, milk, and sugar in a plastic bag. Then put ice and salt in a bigger bag. Putting the smaller bag inside the bigger bag, and then shaking it for 5-10 minutes will make ice cream.

How people sell ice cream[change | change source]

People sell ice cream through many ways. Ice cream in containers can be purchased from supermarkets. Ice cream may also be purchased on a cone from an ice cream truck.

Types of ice cream[change | change source]

Vanilla, Chocolate and Strawberry ice cream with whipped cream in a bowl

There are many different flavors of ice cream.[7] Ice cream often has things added to it for flavor, like chocolate chips, nuts, fruit, cookie dough, sweets, sauces or small candies.

Traditionally, the three most common flavors are vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry. There are ice cream flavors that are very similar, such as French vanilla, vanilla bean, dark chocolate, chocolate chip, and strawberry cheesecake.

Different flavors of vegan ice cream.

Chocolate chips, or little pieces of dark or white chocolate, are a common addition to ice cream. Three common chocolate chip ice creams are chocolate chip (made with vanilla ice cream), mint chocolate chip or mint 'n chip (made with peppermint, spearmint, or creme de menthe ice cream), and chocolate chocolate chip. Peppermint ice cream without chips is also a common flavor.

Many ice creams contain fruits. Besides strawberry, common fruit flavors are cherry, raspberry, blackberry, and peach. Some citrus fruits, such as orange and lime, are made into sherbets instead of ice cream.

Nut flavors include butter pecan, butter almond (both of which contain vanilla or caramel ice cream with nuts), pistachio, and peanut butter.

Coffee (mocha, cappuccino, espresso) and caramel (English toffee, butterscotch, rum) are also common ice cream flavors.

There are many ice cream flavors that contain some mixture of chocolate, fudge, coffee, caramel, nuts, and marshmallows. The most common is Rocky Road (chocolate ice cream, nuts and marshmallows), but others include Mocha Almond Fudge (made with almond nuts, fudge, and coffee ice cream) and Tax Crunch (coffee, nuts, and malt powder).

Some ice creams are a mixture of two or more ice creams. Neapolitan is a mixture of chocolate, vanilla, and strawberry; while spumoni is a mixture of chocolate and various fruit flavors.

Outside of the United States and Canada, flavors include dulce du leche (Mexico), macupino and lychee (both China).

Ice cream mixed with milk and often sugar and syrups is called a Milk Shake.

Many ice cream parlors, such as Cold Stone Creamery, allow people to make something called a sundae, which is one or more flavors of ice cream mixed with things such as nuts, dark or white chocolate chips, bananas, cherries, pineapples, candies, cookies, marshmallows, and various syrups such as hot fudge, maple and butterscotch. Also, ice cream is often placed on a piece of pie, which is called "pie a la mode".

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Who Invented Ice Cream? - Ice Cream Inventor". Archived from the original on 2018-09-01. Retrieved 2018-08-31. History of ice creams begun around 500 B.C. in the Persian Empire where ice was used in combination with grape juices, fruits, and other flavors to produce very expensive and hard to produce summertime treats.
  2. Book of Firsts. RW Press. ISBN 9781909284296. c. 550-330 BC, First mention of flavoured snow or ice : during the Persian Empire
  3. "History of Ice Cream". Archived from the original on 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  4. The origin of ice-cream Archived 2017-06-26 at the Wayback Machine, BBC. Retrieved 26 October 2009.
  5. Clarke, Chris (2004). Science of Ice Cream. Royal Society of chemistry. p. 4.
  6. Calaresu, Melissa (August 2013). "Making and Eating Ice Cream in Naples: Rethinking Consumption and Sociability in the Eighteenth Century". Past & Present. 220: 35–78. doi:10.1093/pastj/gtt018. ISSN 0031-2746. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  7. Grossi, M.; Lanzoni, M.; Lazzarini, R.; Riccò, B. (2012). "Automatici ce-cream characterization by impedance measurements for optimal machine setting" (PDF). Measurement. 45 (7): 1747–1754. Bibcode:2012Meas...45.1747G. doi:10.1016/j.measurement.2012.04.009. S2CID 110783818. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-02-27. Retrieved 2022-02-23.