Igor Sikorsky

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Igor Sikorsky
Sikorsky, Igor.jpg
Studio portrait, c. 1950
Born
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky

(1889-05-25)May 25, 1889
DiedOctober 26, 1972(1972-10-26) (aged 83)
NationalityUkrainian-American[1][2][3]
Alma materKyiv Polytechnic Institute
ETACA (now ESTACA [fr])
OccupationAircraft designer
Known forFirst successful mass-produced helicopter, the Sikorsky R-4
Spouse(s)Olga Fyodorovna Simkovitch
Elisabeth Semion
Children5
AwardsOrder of St. Vladimir
Howard N. Potts Medal (1933)
Daniel Guggenheim Medal (1951)
ASME Medal (1963)
Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy (1966)
National Medal of Science (1967)
John Fritz Medal (1968)

Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (Russian: И́горь Ива́нович Сико́рский, IPA: [ˈiɡərʲ ɪˈvanəvitʃ sʲɪˈkorskʲɪj] (About this soundlisten), tr. Ígor' Ivánovič Sikórskij; May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972)[4] was a Russian–American[1][2][3] aviation pioneer in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. He built and improved upon the first helicopter that could be used.

Biography[change | change source]

Igor Sikorsky was born on May, 25, 1889, in Kyiv.

Sikorsky graduated from the Marine Cadet Corps (1903–1906) in Saint Petersburg and the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute (1907–1911). He studied at the Paris Technical School (1906).

On February 18, 1918, he emigrated to the French Republic (Paris), and in March, 1919 he moved to the United States. Until 1923, he had no his own income, sometimes he gave pilot lessons and lectured in secondary schools. But it was changed in 1923, when he founded an aviation company, later Sikorsky became the owner of the design and construction company "Sikorsky Aircraft". By 1939 he had built about 15 types of aircraft.

In 1925-1940, he developed a series of successful aircraft that brought many records to the United States.

Built in 1934 by Pan American World Airways, the Sikorsky S-42 set ten world records, and 10 S-42s became the world's first intercontinental passenger liners to operate regular flights across the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

His helicopter was first shown to be useful when he added a winch on it. Soon after this, it saved the lives of two sailors during a hurricane.

He also started Sikorsky Aircraft, a huge helicopter manufacturing company which produces famous helicopters such as the Sea King and Skycrane.

He died on October 26, 1972 in Easton. Since his death, his office at Sikorsky Aircraft has been left.

Honours[change | change source]

Igor Sikorsy has received more than 80 different high honors and a rare Wright Brothers Memorial Award.

He was named a Honorary Doctor of many universities around the world.

In 1979, the IAC immortalized the name of Igor Sikorsky in the name of a crater on the moon.

Since 1980, the American Helicopter Association has awarded the Sikorsky Prize.

In 1987, a square in the Primorsky District of St. Petersburg was named after Igor Sikorsky.[5]

In August 2008, an exhibition dedicated to Igor Sikorsky was organized in the Lviv gallery.[6][7]

On July 8, 2010 by the decision of the Kyiv City Council the name of Igor Sikorsky was assigned to the Aerospace Lyceum of the National Aviation University.

On October 27, 2011, Tankova Street in Kyiv was renamed by Kyiv City Council to Aviakonstruktora Igor Sikorsky Street.

In 2011, the main belt asteroid "10090 Sikorsky" was named in honour of Igor Sikorsky.

In 2015, one of the streets in Vinnytsia was named after Igor Sikorsky.[6]

In 2016, Kyiv International Airport (formerly Zhulyany Airport) was named after Sikorsky.[8]

In 2016, the National Technical University of Ukraine Kyiv Polytechnic Institute was named after Igor Sikorsky.

In 2016, the Museum of the Ukrainian Diaspora opened the first historical and memorial exhibition project "Our Sikorsky", which now operates on a permanent basis.

A monument to Igor Sikorsky was opened near the Sikorsky Airport in Kyiv on August 31, 2019, on Ukrainian Aviation Day.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Britannica Concise Encyclopedia". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2006, p. 1751.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Sergei Sikorsky: Reflecting on the 90th Anniversary of Sikorsky Aircraft" Archived 2015-07-19 at the Wayback Machine Quote: Some 90 years ago, on March 5, 1923, a Russian refugee named Igor Sikorsky organized a new company"
  3. 3.0 3.1 Jacobson, Lee (April 2013). "Igor Sikorsky Was a Reflection of His Heritage and Experiences in Life" (PDF). Sikorsky Archives News. Igor I. Sikorsky Historical Archives. Retrieved 25 May 2020. My family is of Russian origin. My grandfather and other ancestors from the time of Peter the Great were Russian Orthodox priests. Consequently, the Russian nationality of the family must be considered as well established
  4. Fortier, Rénald. "Igor Sikorsky: One Man, Three Careers." Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine aviation.technomuses.ca,1996. Retrieved: October 29, 2008.
  5. "площадь Сикорского - это... Что такое площадь Сикорского?". Словари и энциклопедии на Академике (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Улицы Киева — 2011". 81412.livejournal.com. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  7. "У Києві з'явилася вулиця на честь авіаконструктора Ігоря Сікорського". ТСН.ua (in Ukrainian). 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  8. "Міжнародному аеропорту "Київ" присвоїли ім'я авіаконструктора Сікорського". РБК-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  9. "A monument to Igor Sikorsky".