|Tusked male, Bandipur National Park|
|Female, Nagarhole National Park|
|Elephas maximus indicus
The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant. It comes from mainland Asia. Since 1986, Elephas maximus has been listed as endangered by IUCN. The population has declined by at least 50% over the last 60–75 years. The species is also threatened by habitat loss, degradation and herds being split apart into smaller groups. In India it is recognized as the National animal of the country.
References[change | change source]
- Choudhury A. et al (2008). "Elephas maximus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/7140.