|Tusked male, Bandipur National Park|
|Female, Nagarhole National Park|
|Elephas maximus indicus|
The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant. It comes from mainland Asia. Since 1986, E. maximus indicus has been listed as endangered by IUCN. The population has declined by at least 50% over the last 60–75 years. The subspecies is also threatened by habitat loss, degradation and herds being split apart into smaller groups. It is recognized as the National animal of India.
References[change | change source]
- Choudhury, A. and others (IUCN SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group) 2008.