Iodine monochloride

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Iodine monochloride, also known as iodine(I) chloride, is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is ICl. It has iodine and chloride ions. The iodine is in its +1 oxidation state.

Properties[change | change source]

Iodine monochloride is a red or brown solid. It easily melts. It has two forms; one melts at 27.2°C and the other melts at 13.9°C. It is an oxidizing agent. It can vaporize easily, too to make a brown vapor. It reacts with water. It is the main source of I+. It is an interhalogen.

Preparation[change | change source]

It is made by mixing equal moles of iodine and chlorine. More chlorine would make iodine trichloride.

Uses[change | change source]

It is used to add iodine atoms to some organic compounds.

Related pages[change | change source]