Ionic order

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Closeup of Ionic Order Column. The scroll-like ornament at the top of the column is a volute

The Ionic order is one of the three main classical orders (styles) of ancient Greek and Roman architecture.[1] The other two are the Doric order and the Corinthian order (which gave rise to the Composite order).[2] The Ionic capital is notable for its use of volutes.[3] The Ionic columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate or platform. The cap is usually enriched with egg-and-dart.[4] It was a popular style in Athens.[5] The Athenians considered themselves Ionians.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Ionic Order of Greek Architecture: Definition & Example Buildings". Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  2. "Greek architectural orders". Khan Academy. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  3. "Ionic Order". University of Chicago. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  4. James Stevens Curl, Classical Architecture: An Introduction to Its Vocabulary and Essentials, with a Select Glossary of Terms (New York: Norton, 2003), p. 24
  5. 5.0 5.1 Fred Kleiner, Gardner's Art through the Ages: Backpack Edition, Book 1 (Boston: Wadsworth, 2013), p. 116