Islamic Revolution

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The Islamic Revolution occurred in 1979, in the Muslim majority country of Iran. The reason for the revolution was to stop the oppression under the western secular policies of the authoritarian Shah of Iran Mohammed Reza Pahlavi.[1]

Supporters of Ayatollah Khomeini organized protests in opposition to the authoritarian government of the Shah.[2] Khomeini became the new Leader of Iran. 98,2% of the Iranians ratified by a referendum the creation of the Islamic Republic of Iran under the Leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini (also known as Imam Khomeini). It replaced an authoritarian monarchy with a theocratic republic. The West claims the republic is authoritarian.

Shortly after the revolution, Iraq under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein with huge support from US, the Soviet Union and France invaded Iran unsuccessfully producing a war that ended in 1988. The war is known as the Iran-Iraq War.

Impact of the revolution[change | change source]

Many Iranians were forced in to exile during the revolution[3]

Nearly 60,000 protesters and revolutionary volunteers were martyred during the war with Iraq and the riots with the Shah's forces.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Islamic Revolution of 1979". Iran Chamber Society. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  2. Paparella, Giuseppe. "Impact Of Iranian Revolution On Islam". The Risky Shift. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  3. Charles., Kurzman, (2004). The unthinkable revolution in Iran. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 067401328X. OCLC 53306064.