J. K. Rowling
||This article needs more sources for reliability. (February 2011)|
|Joanne Kathleen Rowling|
Rowling at a degree ceremony
|Born||Joanne Kathleen Rowling
31 July 1965
South Gloucestershire, England
|Pen name||J.K. Rowling|
|Education||Bachelor of Arts|
|Spouse(s)||Jorge Arantes (m. 1992-1995)
Neil Murray (m. 2002-present)
|Children||2 daughters, 1 son|
J. K. Rowling OBE (born 31 July 1965 as Joanne Rowling) is a British author. She wrote the Harry Potter books. She only uses the name J. K. Rowling for her books: the "K" stands for "Kathleen" which was the first name of her grandmother.
Early and personal life[change | change source]
Rowling was born 31 July 1965 in Chipping Sodbury, near Bristol, England. She grew up in Tutshill, Gloucestershire, and went to school at Wyedean Comprehensive. She earned a degree in French and Classics at the University of Exeter. She worked at Amnesty International in London. The original idea for Harry Potter came to her on a train that was delayed for four hours in 1990. She moved to Portugal to teach English in 1990. She married Jorge Arantes in October 1992. They had her first child, Jessica in 1993. The marriage ended in divorce and Rowling moved to Edinburgh, Scotland. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (British version) (American version: Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone) was first published in the United Kingdom in 1997. She married Dr. Neil Murray in 2001. She had a second child, David, in 2003, and a third, Mackenzie, in January 2005. Rowling is a Christian.
Her books[change | change source]
Rowling has won many awards for the Harry Potter series of books and has earned over $1 billion. The last book of the series - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows was released on 21 July 2007. Due to the popularity of the books, Rowling has become very rich. The books have sold over 400 million copies and popularity, however, are not limited to the Harry Potter series. Rowling has written many books about the magic in Harry's world, such as 'Quidditch Through the Ages' and 'Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them'. Additionally, she has written other books targeting adults, the first of which is titled The Casual Vacancy. The Cuckoo's Calling was published in April 2013, under the pen name Robert Galbraith, and its sequel followed in June 2014, called The Silkworm.
Summary[change | change source]
Rowling's novels feature a teenage boy named Harry Potter who grows up in a normal world with his aunt, uncle and cousin Dudley. When he is eleven years old, he discovers that he is a wizard and attends a magical academy called Hogwarts school of witchcraft and wizardry, where Albus Dumbledore is headmaster. Harry discovers his past about a dark wizard and with the help from his best friends Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger, he attempts to destroy the darkest wizard of all time, Voldemort, once and for all.
Publications[change | change source]
Harry Potter series[change | change source]
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (June 26 1997 (UK), January 9 1998 (US))
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (July 2 1998 (UK), February 6 1999 (US))
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (July 8 1999 (UK), August 9 1999 (US))
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (July 7 2000)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (June 21, 2003)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (July 16 2005)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (July 21, 2007)
Other books[change | change source]
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (supplement to the Harry Potter series) (2001)
- Quidditch Through the Ages (supplement to the Harry Potter series) (2001)
- The Tales of Beedle the Bard (supplement to the Harry Potter series) (2007)
- The Casual Vacancy (An 'adult' book. Her first novel that wasn't in the Harry Potter universe) (2012)
- The Cuckoo's Calling (A crime fiction novel written under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith) (2013)
- The Silkworm (A crime fiction novel written under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith) (2014)
Articles[change | change source]
- "The First It Girl: J.K. Rowling reviews Decca: the Letters of Jessica Mitford ed by Peter Y Sussman", The Daily Telegraph 26 July 2006
- Introduction to "Ending Child Poverty" in Moving Britain Forward. Selected Speeches 1997–2006 by Gordon Brown, Bloomsbury (2006)
- Foreword to the anthology Magic, edited by Gil McNeil and Sarah Brown, Bloomsbury (2002)
- The Fringe Benefits of Failure, and the Importance of Imagination, J.K. Rowling, Harvard Magazine, 5 June 2008
- Foreword to "Harry, A History", written by Melissa Anelli, Pocket (2008)
References[change | change source]
- "J.K. Rowling Biography". Biography.com. 2009. http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=40998. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
- "Meet Author J.K. Rowling". Scholastic. 2009. http://www.scholastic.com/harrypotter/books/author/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
- "J.K. Rowling". KidsReads.com. 2005. http://www.kidsreads.com/HP07/content/rowling.asp. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
Other websites[change | change source]
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