|Regions with significant populations|
|India and some parts of Pakistan|
|Haryanvi • Hindi • Punjabi • Rajasthani • Sindhi •BrajBhasha •Urdu|
|Hinduism • Islam • Sikhism|
Jaat or Jat or Jutt or Jats (Hindi: जाट or जट्ट, Punjabi: ਜੱਟ) The Jats are a ancient Kshatriya community of northern India and Pakistan. Jat are a large group of people, found mostly in India and some parts of Pakistan.
History[change | change source]
Jats occupies the most fertile land of India and dominate Northwest India. "Jat" is a label of a wide-ranging non-elite community, which had its origins in pastoralism in the lower Indus valley of Sindh.
- "... (North India) contained large numbers of non-elite tillers. In the Punjab and the western Gangetic Plains, convention defined the Rajput's non-elite counterpart as a Jat. Like many similar titles used elsewhere, this was not so much a caste name as a broad designation for the man of substance in rural terrain. … To be called Jat has in some regions implied a background of pastoralism, though it has more commonly been a designation of non-servile cultivating people". Mostly Jaat are knowns as zamindar.
Distribution[change | change source]
Famous people[change | change source]
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh
- Maharaja Suraj Mal
- Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana
- Baba Shahmal Tomar
- Phogat Sister
- Sushil kumar 2 times Olympic medal winner
- Sakshi Malik Olympic medal winner wrestler
- Saina Nehwal
- Baba Deep Singh
- Bhagat Singh
- Chaudhary Charan Singh
- Dara Singh
- Mallika Sherawat
- Bhupinder Singh of Patiala
- Raja Nahar Singh
- Randeep Hooda
References[change | change source]
- Asher, Catherine & Talbot, Cynthia 2006. India before Europe. Cambridge University Press, p270. ISBN 978-0-521-80904-7
- Bayly, Susan (2001). Caste, Society and Politics in India from the Eighteenth Century to the Modern Age. Cambridge University Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-521-79842-6. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
Further reading[change | change source]
- Census Of India 1911 Volume XIV Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
- 'A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province' by H.A. Rose, Page 354, published in 1919.
Written by:-Navjeet Saharan (Sardarshahar)