Jaguarundi

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Jaguarundi
Jaguarondi portrait.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Puma
Binomial name
Puma yagouaroundi [2]
(Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803) [3]
Puma yaguarondi.jpg

The jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat native to Central and South America. It is a smaller relative of the better-known cougar, and has many local names.[4]

The cat is still widespread throughout the Amazon Basin, and is listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002.[1] It is sometimes found in Mexico and southern Texas, and as far south as northern Argentina.

Jaguarundis are mostly daytime animals. They are comfortable in trees, but hunt on the ground.

According to a 2006 genomic study of Felidae, an ancestor of today's Leopardus, Lynx, Puma, Prionailurus, and Felis lines migrated across the Bering land bridge into the Americas about 8.0 to 8.5 million years ago.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Puma yagouaroundi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2015. 
  2. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 545. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.  More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)
  3. Puma yagouaroundi (TSN {{{ID}}}). Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  4. Ferreira A.B.H. 1986. Novo Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa. Segunda edição. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. P. 980
  5. Johnson W.E. et al 2006. "The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment". Science 311 (5757): 73–77. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. PMID 16400146. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/311/5757/73. Retrieved 2007-06-04.