Jat people

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Jatt
جٹ
Total population
30 million+[source?]
Regions with significant populations
Mainly in Punjab, Pakistan and Punjab, India, Also in Sind, Pakistan and Haryana, India
Languages
Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Sindhi
Religion
Sikhism, Islam

The Jat or Jats (Urdu: جٹ) are a large group of people, found mostly in Pakistan and India.

History[change | change source]

"Jat" is a label of a wide-ranging non-elite community, which had its origins in pastoralism in the lower Indus valley of Sindh.[1]

"... (North India) contained large numbers of non-elite tillers. In the Punjab and the western Gangetic Plains, convention defined the Rajput's non-elite counterpart as a Jat. Like many similar titles used elsewhere, this was not so much a caste name as a broad designation for the man of substance in rural terrain. … To be called Jat has in some regions implied a background of pastoralism, though it has more commonly been a designation of non-servile cultivating people".[2]

Distribution[change | change source]

Jatts inhabited throughout the Punjab region, Sindh and some other northwestern parts of Subcontinent.[source?]

References[change | change source]

  1. Asher, Catherine & Talbot, Cynthia 2006. India before Europe. Cambridge University Press, p270. ISBN 978-0-521-80904-7
  2. Bayly, Susan (2001). Caste, Society and Politics in India from the Eighteenth Century to the Modern Age. Cambridge University Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-521-79842-6. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Census Of India 1911 Volume XIV Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
  • 'A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province' by H.A. Rose, Page 354, published in 1919.