Jean de Sismondi

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Jean de Sismondi
Jean Charles Simonde de Sismondi (1773-1842).png
Jean Charles de Sismondi
Born
Jean Charles Léonard Simonde

(1773-05-09)9 May 1773
Died25 June 1842(1842-06-25) (aged 69)
NationalityGenevan, and Swiss since 1815
FieldPolitical economy
School or
tradition
Classical economics
InfluencesAdam Ferguson, Jean-Louis de Lolme, Niccolò Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Adam Smith
ContributionsTheory of periodic crises

Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi (also known as Jean Charles Leonard Simonde de Sismondi) (French: [ʒɑ̃ ʃaʁl leɔnaʁ də sismɔ̃di]; 9 May 1773 – 25 June 1842),[1] was a Swiss historian and political economist.

Works[change | change source]

Sismondi is best known for his works on French and Italian history, and his economic ideas.[2][3] His goals were to promote unemployment insurance, sickness benefits, a progressive tax, regulation of working hours, and a pension scheme.[4][5] He was also the first to use the term proletariat to describe the working class created under capitalism.[4][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Jean Charles Léonard Simonde de Sismondi". Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  2. Stewart, Ross E. (1984). "Sismondi's Forgotten Ethical Critique of Early Capitalism". Journal of Business Ethics. 3 (3): 227–234. doi:10.1007/BF00382924. S2CID 154967384.
  3. Spiegel, Henry William (1991). The Growth of Economic Thought. Duke University Press. pp. 302–303.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ekins, Paul; Max-Neef, Manfred (2006). Real Life Economics. Routledge. pp. 91–93.
  5. Murray, Christopher John (2004). Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era, 1760-1850, Volume 2. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1054–1055.
  6. Ekelund Jr, Robert B.; Hébert, Robert F. (2006). A History of Economic Theory and Method: Fifth Edition. Waveland Press. p. 226.