Johann Gottlieb Graun

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Johann Gottlieb Graun (1702 or 1703[a] – 27 October 1771) was a German composer and violinist

Life[change | change source]

Early life[change | change source]

Graun was born in Wahrenbrück. His father was a tax collector. His brothers were Carl Heinrich Graun and August Friedrich Graun. Johann was the second oldest son. He and Carl studied in the Kreuzschule, Dresden. He sang in the choir.[3] Johann Zacharias Grundig taught Graun music and singing.[4] He and Carl left the Kreuzschule in 1721.[5] He studied playing the violin with Johann Georg Pisendel. He went to Padua to study the violin with Giuseppe Tartini.[3]

Career[change | change source]

In 1726, he became the Konzertmeister in the court of Merseburg. That means he was the leading violinist of the orchestra in Merseburg. From 1726 to 1727 Wilhelm Friedemann Bach studied the violin with Graun.[3] He wrote six violin sonatas in Merseburg.[4] In 1731 he became the Konzertmeister in the court of Waldeck. He married Dorothea-Josepha Schmiel in 1731. In 1732, he became a member of the Kapelle in Ruppin. He worked for crown prince Frederick of Prussia. Carl, Graun's brother, joined the orchestra. He taught Franz Benda violin playing. In 1740, Frederick became king. Graun moved to Berlin. He became the Konzertmeister in Berlin.

He wrote instrumental music in Berlin. He was the Konzertmaster in Berlin until he died. He died in Berlin on October 27, 1771.[4]

Music[change | change source]

Graun often worked together with his brother. They both marked their music with "Graun". This made it difficult to tell which brother wrote a piece of music.[5] Graun mostly wrote instrumental music. His music includes symphonies, concertos, operas, chamber music.[2]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. His birth date is not known. The records were destroyed in a fire.[1] Some sources say he was born in 1701 or 1702.[2] Some others say he was born in 1702 or 1703.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Henzel, Christoph (2001). "Graun family". (8th ed.). Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.11653. ISBN 978-1-56159-263-0. Retrieved 3 March 2022. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Vierhaus, Rudolf. "Graun, Johann Gottlieb". De Gruyter (in German). K.G Saur. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Henzel, Christoph (2001). "Graun, Johann Gottlieb". Grove Music Online (8th ed.). Oxford Music Online. doi:10.1093/omo/9781561592630.013.90000380275. ISBN 9781561592630.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Mennicke, Carl (1906). Hasse und die Brüder Graun als Symphoniker : nebst Biographien und thematischen Katalogen (in German). Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel. pp. 447–490.
  5. 5.0 5.1 O'Loghlin, Michael (2008). Frederick the Great and His Musicians: The Viola Da Gamba Music of the Berlin School. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7546-5885-6.