John Muir, 1912
April 21, 1838|
Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland
|Died||December 24, 1914
Martinez, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Occupation||Engineer, naturalist, writer, botanist, geologist, glaciologist, environmental philosopher|
|Known for||Founder of Sierra Club|
|Spouse(s)||Louisa Wanda Strentzel (1847-1905) (m. 1880–1905)|
|Children||Wanda Muir Hanna (25 March 1881 – 29 July 1942),
Helen Muir Funk (23 January 1886 – 7 June 1964)
|Parent(s)||Daniel Muir and Ann Gilrye|
John Muir (21 April 1838 – 24 December 1914) was an influential Scottish-born American naturalist, author, environmental philosopher, glaciologist, writer, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States.
His letters, essays, and books of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions of people. Among his many notable journeys throughout the wilderness, Muir traveled from the Upper Mississippi Basin to the Gulf of Mexico and kept a journal of his travels called 'A Thousand-Mile Walk'. Muir felt that the national parks and forests needed to be preserved and some resources which should be off-limits to industrial use. His activism helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and many other wilderness areas throughout the United States. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is now one of the most important conservation organizations in the United States.
One of the most well-known hiking trails in the U.S., the 211-mile (340 km) John Muir Trail, was named in his honor. Other places named in his honor are Muir Woods National Monument, Muir Beach, John Muir College, Mount Muir, Camp Muir and Muir Glacier. For his outstanding accomplishments in preserving America's environment, he is known to many as the "Father of the National Parks" and "son of the wilderness".
References[change | change source]
- "John Muir". Encyclopedia of World Biography. http://www.notablebiographies.com/Mo-Ni/Muir-John.html. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
- John Muir. (n.d.). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://library.eb.com.ezproxy.northbrook.info/levels/referncecenter/article/54182
- Ten Cool Things About John Muir at Tree Hugger.com
- Wenk, Elizabeth; Morey, Kathy (2007). John Muir Trail: The Essential Guide to Hiking America's Most Famous Trail. Berkeley, CA: Wilderness Press.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: John Muir|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- John Muir Exhibit by the Sierra Club; includes a detailed chronology.
- John Muir Global Network
- John Muir National Historic Site from National Park Service
- Friends of John Muir's Birthplace (formerly Dunbar's John Muir Association) Scotland
- John Muir's Birthplace, John Muir Birthplace Trust Scotland
- John Muir Trust Scotland
- Canadian Friends of John Muir (CFJM) website
- John Muir Project Protecting Federal Public Forest Lands
- Access Adventure Founded by Muir's grandson