John von Neumann
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|John von Neumann|
John von Neumann in the 1940s
|Born||December 28, 1903
Budapest, Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy
|Died||February 8, 1957
Washington, D.C., United States
- set theory
- functional analysis
- quantum mechanics
- ergodic theory
- continuous geometry
- game theory
- computer science
- numerical analysis
- systems theory
He was a member of a group called the 'Martians'. They were Hungarian immigrants to the US of extraordinary intellect. Others people in this group were Edward Teller, Paul Erdős, Leó Szilárd and Eugene Wigner.
Noteworthy work[change | change source]
- His textbook on quantum mechanics is one of the first on this topic.
- His game theory is considered one of the most important tools in competitive strategic management and is also of high importance in biosciences.
- He is the designer of the Von-Neumann architecture, which is basic to nearly all computers today.
- He was one of the first proponents of artificial intelligence. He proposed the idea of self replicating machines. This is why a machine that can replicate itself is now commonly referred to as a 'Von Neumann machine'.
- With Stanislav Ulam, he did some of the most important calculations in the Manhattan project.
- He worked at the Institute of Advanced Studies the same time as Albert Einstein, Kurt Gödel and Robert Oppenheimer.