Systems theory is an interdisciplinary field of science and the study of the nature of systems in nature, society, and science. More specificially Systems theory is a framework to analyze or describe any group of objects that work in concert to produce some result. This can be a single organism, any organization or society, or any electronic, mechanical or informational artifact.
Systems theory as a technical and general academic area of study. It is founded by Ludwig von Bertalanffy and others in the 1950s.