1961 (age 54–55)
|Known for||Leader of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)|
|Title||Leader of the Lord's Resistance Army|
|Spouse(s)||Thought to have 88 wives as of 2007|
|Children||Thought to have 42 children|
Joseph Kony (pronounced IPA: [koɲ]; born 1961) is a Ugandan guerrilla group leader. He is the head of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). While he had a lot of support from the public, the LRA turned against its supporters. They said that they did this to "purify" the Acholi people and turn Uganda into a theocracy ruled by the Ten Commandments.
The LRA has become known for what it does against the people of several countries. Some of these countries are northern Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, and Sudan. It has stolen and forced about 66,000 children to fight for them.
Early life[change | change source]
Kony was born in 1961 in Odek. Odek is a village which is east of Gulu in northern Uganda. He is a member of the Acholi people. His father was called Luizi Obol. He was a farmer. His mother was called Nora. Kony had a good relationship with his siblings, but if they had arguments, he would quickly fight back. Also, when challenged he would often use physical violence. Kony was an altar boy for several years. However, he stopped going to church around the age of 15 and also dropped out of school.
War crime accusation[change | change source]
On October 6, 2005, the International Criminal Court (ICC) said that the arrest warrants had been given for five members of the Lord's Resistance Army. These were for crimes against humanity. On the next day Ugandan defence minister Amama Mbabazi said that the warrants include Kony, his deputy Vincent Otti, and LRA commanders Raska Lukwiya, Okot Odiambo, and Dominic Ongwen. The Ugandan military says that the Ugandan army killed Lukwiya on August 12, 2006. The BBC heard that Otti had been killed on October 2, 2007, at Kony's home.
Bibliography[change | change source]
- Green, Matthew (2008). The Wizard of the Nile: The Hunt for Africa's Most Wanted. Portobello Books. ISBN 978-1846270307.
- Briggs, Jimmie (2005). The Innocents Lost: When Child soldiers Go to War. Basic Books.
- Bussman, Jane (2009). The Worst Date Ever: War Crimes, Hollywood Heart-Throbs and Other Abominations. Macmillan. ISBN 0230737129.
References[change | change source]
- Craine, Anthony. "Joseph Kony". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1017670/Joseph-Kony. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- Daniel Howden (November 8, 2008). "The deadly cult of Joseph Kony". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/the-deadly-cult-of-joseph-kony-1001084.html. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- "Joseph Kony". Nndb.com. http://www.nndb.com/people/398/000022332/. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
- Green, Matthew (2008). The Wizard of the Nile: The Hunt for Africa's Most Wanted. Portobello Books. p. 136. ISBN 9781846270314.
- Beatrice Debut Gulu (February 10, 2006). "Portrait of Uganda's rebel prophet, painted by wives". Mail & Guardian Online. http://www.mg.co.za/article/2006-02-10-portrait-of-ugandas-rebel-prophet-painted-by-wives. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- Richard Dowden. "Court threatens to block cannibal cult's peace offer". Royal African Society. http://www.royalafricansociety.org/articles-by-richard-dowden/261.html. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- "Read The Bill: H.R. 2478". GovTrack.us. 2009-05-19. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/billtext.xpd?bill=h111-2478. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Ugandan army 'kills senior rebel'". BBC News. August 13, 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4788657.stm. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- "Profile: Joseph Kony". BBC News. October 7, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4320858.stm. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- Green, Matthew (2008). The Wizard of the Nile: The Hunt for Africa's Most Wanted. Portobello Books. pp. 215. ISBN 9781846270314.
- Green, Matthew (2008). The Wizard of the Nile: The Hunt for Africa's Most Wanted. Portobello Books. p. 121. ISBN 9781846270314.
- Jimmie Briggs (2005). Innocents Lost: When Child soldiers Go to war. pp. 105–144.
- Peter Eichstaedt, First Kill Your Family: Child Soldiers of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army, p. 206
- "Otti 'executed by Uganda rebels'". BBC News. December 21, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/7156284.stm. Retrieved March 8, 2012.