Kashiwa (柏市 Kashiwa-shi) is a Japanese city in northern Chiba Prefecture on the island of Honshu.
It has been recognized as a core city since 1996.
In the Edo period, the area around Kashiwa was directly controlled by the Tokugawa shogunate. These lands were known as tenryō.
- ↑ Jacobs, A.J. "Japan's Evolving Nested Municipal Hierarchy: The Race for Local Power in the 2000s," Urban Studies Research, Vol. 2011 (2011), p. 8 [PDF 8 of 14]; "Core city with population of 380000. Resource recovery and enlightenment business of Kashiwa city of Chiba Prefecture, Japan, through establishing "recycling plaza" with nickname "Ribbon-Kan building" arousing citizen's sympathy toward waste reduction," Journal of Solid & Liquid Wastes, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 38-43 (2006); retrieved 2012-12-5.
- ↑ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenryō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 961.