History[change | change source]
The current buildings date from the early 17th century.
Timeline[change | change source]
- 965 (Kōhō 2): Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers be sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan. These messenger, called heihaku, were initially presented to 16 shrines;
- 986 (Kanna 2): Michizane was given the posthumous title of Tenjin (Heavenly Deity)
- 991 (Shōryaku 2): Emperor Ichijō added three more shrines to Murakami's list — including Kitano.
- 1444 (Bun'an 1, 4th month): Kitano Tenman-gū and much of western Kyoto was destroyed by fire.
References[change | change source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kitano Tenjin-jinja" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 531; Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1964) Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan, pp. 194-220.
- Nussbaum, "Sugawara no Michizane," p. 908.
- Smith, Roberta. "Unfurling a Thousand Years of Gods, Demons and Romance," New York Times. December 1, 2011; retreieved 2012-1-3.
- Breen, John. (2000). Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami, pp. 74-75.
- Nussbaum, p. 531.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, pp. 116-117.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Studies in Shrines, p. 118.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 343.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 126.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Kitano Tenman-gū Official web page (In English)
- Kyoto Shimbun: Open-Air Tea Ceremony... (in English)