Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky
September 17, 1857
|Died||September 19, 1935(aged 78)|
Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (Russian: Russian: Константи́н Эдуа́рдович Циолко́вский, Polish: Konstanty Ciołkowski) was a Russian who pioneered spaceflight. His works later inspired Soviet rocket engineers such as Sergei Korolev and Valentin Glushko.
When Konstantin was young, he had scarlet fever; because of that he had some problems with hearing and had to study by himself. he became a schoolteacher and, in his spare time, studied and wrote about various topics including spaceflight and aviation.
In 1899 he got money from the Russian Academy of Sciences and built Russia's first wind tunnel. In 1903, he wrote Means of Reaction Devices (in Russian: Исследование мировых пространств реактивными приборами), which was the first serious study on how to use rockets to launch spacecraft. He calculated the speed needed to reach orbit around the Earth (at 8 km/s). He also wrote that a multi-stage rocket, using liquid fuel could reach that speed. He recommended liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, though other fuels could be used. He was correct on these points.[source?]
References[change | change source]
- "Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky – Soviet Space Scientist". Archived from the original on 2017-09-07..
Other websites[change | change source]