Lake Rotorua

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Lake Rotorua
Lake Rotorua.jpg
LocationRotorua District, Bay of Plenty Region, North Island
Coordinates38°05′S 176°16′E / 38.083°S 176.267°E / -38.083; 176.267Coordinates: 38°05′S 176°16′E / 38.083°S 176.267°E / -38.083; 176.267
Typecrater lake
Primary inflowsUtuhina, Hamurana Spring, Ngongotaha
Primary outflowsOhau Channel
Basin countriesNew Zealand
Max. length12.1 kilometres (7.5 mi)[1]
Max. width9.7 kilometres (6.0 mi)[1]
Surface area79.8 square kilometres (30.8 sq mi)[1]
Average depth10 metres (33 ft)[1]
Max. depth45 metres (148 ft)[1]
Surface elevation280 metres (920 ft)[1]
IslandsMokoia Island
SettlementsRotorua, Ngongotaha

Lake Rotorua is a large shallow lake in the North Island of New Zealand.

The lake was formed from the crater of a large volcano. Its last major eruption was about 240,000 years ago. After the eruption, the magma chamber underneath the volcano collapsed. The circular depression left behind is the Rotorua Caldera, the site of the lake. Several other lakes of volcanic origin are nearby to the east around the active volcano Mount Tarawera.

The lake is large, 79.8 km2,[1] but its mean depth is only 10 metres. It is in the Bay of Plenty region. The city of Rotorua is on its southern shore, and the town of Ngongotaha is at the western edge of the lake.

position of Lake rotrua

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Lowe, D.J., Green, J.D. (1987). Viner, A.B. (ed.). Inland waters of New Zealand. Wellington: DSIR Science Information Publishing Centre. pp. 471–474. ISBN 0-477-06799-9.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)