Las Médulas

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Las Médulas
Panorámica de Las Médulas.jpg
Panoramic view of Las Médulas
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationQ5970613, Q47088517, Borrenes, Carucedo, Spain Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates42°27′32″N 6°45′36″W / 42.45889°N 6.76000°W / 42.45889; -6.76000Coordinates: 42°27′32″N 6°45′36″W / 42.45889°N 6.76000°W / 42.45889; -6.76000
CriteriaCultural: (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) Edit this on Wikidata
Inscription1997 (21st Session)
Las Médulas is located in Spain
Las Médulas
Location of Las Médulas

Las Médulas (As Médulas or As Meduas in Galician language) is a historical site near the town of Ponferrada, Spain.[1] It used to be the most important gold mine in the Roman Empire. In order to remove the gold, the Romans washed away an entire mountain.[2] From the 2nd to the 4th century AD the Romans used slaves to mine about 900 tons of gold.[2] It left a series of rock pinnacles, gullies, caves and tunnels.[2] Las Médulas is listed by the UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Damien Simonis; et al., Spain (Footscray, Vic.; London: Lonely Planet, 2007), p. 221
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 James Maxwell Anderson, Spain, 1001 Sights: An Archaeological and Historical Guide (Calgary, Canada: University of Calgary Press; London: Robert Hale, 1991), p. 190
  3. Henry Cleere, 'The World Heritage Convention As a Medium for Promoting the Industrial Heritage', IA. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Architecture, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2000, p. 33

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Lewis, P. R. and G. D. B. Jones, Roman gold-mining in north-west Spain, Journal of Roman Studies 60 (1970): 169-85
  • Jones, R. F. J. and Bird, D. G., Roman gold-mining in north-west Spain, II: Workings on the Rio Duerna, Journal of Roman Studies 62 (1972): 59-74.
  • Domergue, C. and Hérail, G., Conditions de gisement et exploitation antique à Las Médulas (León, Espagne) in L'or dans l'antiquité: de la mine à l'objet, B. Cauuet, ed., Aquitania Supplement, 9 (Bordeaux 1999): 93-116.
  • Journeys Through European Landscapes/Voyages dans les Paysages Européens. COST-ESF, Ponferrada: 101-104.

Other websites[change | change source]