Lin Biao

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Lin.
Lin Biao
Lin Biao.jpg
2nd First-ranked Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
In office
August 1, 1966 – September 13, 1971
Chairman Mao Zedong
Preceded by Liu Shaoqi
Succeeded by Zhou Enlai
Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
In office
May 25, 1958 – September 13, 1971
Chairman Mao Zedong
2nd First Vice-Premier of the People's Republic of China
In office
December 21, 1964 – September 13, 1971
Premier Zhou Enlai
Preceded by Chen Yun
Succeeded by Deng Xiaoping
Personal details
Born (1907-12-05)December 5, 1907
Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Empire
Died September 13, 1971(1971-09-13) (aged 63)
Öndörkhaan, Mongolia
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s) Zhang Mei (1937–42)
Ye Qun (1942–71)
Children Lin Xiaolin (daughter)
Lin Liguo (son)
Lin Liheng (daughter)
Alma mater Whampoa Military Academy
Awards 中国人民解放军一级八一勋章的略章.png Order of Bayi (First Class Medal)
中国人民解放军一级独立自由勋章的略章.png Order of Independence and Freedom (First Class Medal)
中国人民解放军一级解放勋章的略章.PNG Order of Liberation (First Class Medal)
Military service
Service/branch People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Liberation Army
Years of service 1925–1971
Rank Marshal rank insignia (PRC).jpg Marshal of the People's Republic of China
Commands 1st Corps
1st Red Army Corps, Chinese Red Army
115 Division, 8th Route Army
People's Liberation Army
Lin Biao
Lin Biao (Chinese characters).svg
"Lin Biao" in regular Chinese characters
Chinese 林彪

Lin Biao (5th December, 190713th September, 1971) was a Chinese communist military leader. Lin was a general in the Chinese Civil War of the People's Liberation Army.

After the war, Lin was key in creating Mao Zedong's personality cult. He wrote the introduction to The Little Red Book. Lin was rewarded for his service to Mao by being named Mao's successor in the Ninth Party Congress, 1966. This he remained until his death in 1971.

Lin died in September 1971 when his aeroplane crashed in Mongolia. He was attempting to flee China with his son after what appeared to be a failed military coup. After Lin Biao's death, he was branded a traitor by the Communist Party of China. He, along with Jiang Qing (Mao's forth wife) and the Shanghai Radicals are still officially blamed for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution.

References[change | change source]