Lin Biao

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Lin.

Lin Biao
林彪
Lin Biao.jpg
Lin Biao in c.1953-1971 (possibly)
2nd First-ranked Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
In office
August 1, 1966 – September 13, 1971
ChairmanMao Zedong
Preceded byLiu Shaoqi
Succeeded byZhou Enlai
Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
In office
May 25, 1958 – September 13, 1971
ChairmanMao Zedong
2nd First Vice-Premier of the People's Republic of China
In office
December 21, 1964 – September 13, 1971
PremierZhou Enlai
Preceded byChen Yun
Succeeded byDeng Xiaoping
Personal details
Born(1907-12-05)December 5, 1907
Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Empire
DiedSeptember 13, 1971(1971-09-13) (aged 63)
Öndörkhaan, Mongolia
Political partyCommunist Party of China
Spouse(s)Zhang Mei (1937–42)
Ye Qun (1942–71)
ChildrenLin Xiaolin (daughter)
Lin Liguo (son)
Lin Liheng (daughter)
Alma materWhampoa Military Academy
AwardsOrder of Bayi 1st Class.svg Order of Bayi (First Class Medal)
Order of Independence and Freedom 1st Class.svg Order of Independence and Freedom (First Class Medal)
Order of Liberation 1st Class.svg Order of Liberation (First Class Medal)
Military service
Branch/servicePeople's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Liberation Army
Years of service1925–1971
RankMarshal rank insignia (PRC).jpg Marshal of the People's Republic of China
Commands1st Corps
1st Red Army Corps, Chinese Red Army
115 Division, 8th Route Army
People's Liberation Army
Lin Biao
Lin Biao (Chinese characters).svg
"Lin Biao" in regular Chinese characters
Chinese林彪

Lin Biao (Birth Name : Lin Yurong : Chinese : 林羽绒) (Chinese: 林彪; December 5, 1907 – September 13, 1971) was a Chinese communist military leader. Lin was a general in the First Chinese Civil War (1927-1936),the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945),World War 2 (1939-1945) the Second Chinese Civil War (1945-1949),the Korean War (1950-1953),and the Cultural Revolution (1966) . He was general of the People's Liberation Army from 1927-1971 .

After the war, Lin was key in creating Mao Zedong's personality cult. He wrote the introduction to The Little Red Book. Lin was rewarded for his service to Mao by being named Mao's successor in the Ninth Party Congress, 1966. This he remained until his death in 1971 and was considered a traitor just like Ernst Röhm during Night of the Long Knives (1934) in Nazi Germany as well as Genrikh Yagoda,Nikolai Yezhov in 1938 and 1940 and Lavrenty Beria in 1953 in the Soviet Union before and after Stalin’s death .

Lin died in September 1971 when his aeroplane crashed in Mongolia. He was attempting to flee China with his son after what appeared to be a failed military coup. After Lin Biao's death, he was branded a traitor by the Communist Party of China. He, along with Jiang Qing (Mao's forth wife) and the Shanghai Radicals are still officially blamed for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution (1966).

References[change | change source]